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Onsets & Rimes

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Team Digital
Onsets & Rimes
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.2.C

Basics on the topic Onsets & Rimes

Content

In this Video about Onset and Rime

Dee and Kala are working at the Fountain Shop. But, insead of blending ice cream flavors to make milkshakes, they blend onsets and rimes to make words! It’s their first day, so they need help making the words just right. In this video, Dee and Kala learn how to blend onset and rime using word parts and word families.

What is Onset and Rime?

Let’s learn more about onset and rime words and how to teach onset and rime to kindergarten with the explanation below. Following the video about onset and rime, you will find blend onset and rime worksheets and blending onset and rime activities.

Onset and Rime Definition

First, let’s define onset and rime. An onset is the beginning sound in a word. It's made up of one, two, or three consonant letters blended together.

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A rime is the ending sound in a word. It's the group of letters that follow the onset. Rimes are usually made up of a vowel and consonants.

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Words change meaning when their onsets change. For example, if you switch the ‘C’ in cat with an ‘H’, the word changes from a furry friend to something you wear on your head!

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Why is Onset and Rime Important?

Rimes have patterns that readers can use to help them learn words. Look at the following words: crate, date, gate, plate, and skate. What do you notice? They all have the same rime, or ending sound of ‘ate.’ Learning to blend onsets and rimes helps us learn to read and write.

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How to Teach Onset and Rime

It’s easiest to teach using onset and rime examples. Let’s start with onset-rime segmentation using the onset is ‘M’ and the rime is ‘OP.’

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First, say the sounds slowly. Then, blend them by saying it faster this time: mop!

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When you blend the sounds ‘M’ and ‘OP’ together you make the word mop!

Let’s try some more examples of onset and rime. Try blending ‘ST’ and ‘AR’. First, say the sounds slowly. Then, blend by saying them faster. What word do you make? Star! Now try blending ‘F’ and ‘OX.’ First, say the sounds slowly. Then, blend by saying them faster. What word do you make? Fox!

Summary: Onset and Rime Kindergarten

  • An onset is the beginning sound in a word.

  • A rime is the ending sound in a word.

  • Learning to blend onsets and rimes helps us learn to read and write.

Practice: Onset and Rime Worksheets for Kindergarten

Have you practiced with an onset and rime worksheet yet? On this website, you can find onset and rime worksheets and onset and rime activities.

Transcript Onsets & Rimes

It's Dee and Kala's first day working at the Fountain Shop. But, instead of mixing ice cream to make milkshakes, this shop blends onsets and rimes to make words! Dee and Kala need to blend the sounds just right. Let's help them by learning about 'Onset and Rimes.' An onset is the beginning sound in a word. It's made up of one, two, or three consonant letters blended together like the ‘C’ kuh sound in cat or the ‘BL’ bull sound in blink. Words change meaning when their onsets change. For example, when we switch the first sound kuh in cat with huh, the word changes from a furry friend to something you wear on your head! A rime is the ending sound in a word. It's the group of letters that follow the onset. Rimes are usually made up of a vowel and consonants. Like the ‘AT’ at sound in cat or the ‘INK’ ink sound in blink. Rimes have patterns that readers can use to help them learn words. Listen carefully: crate, date, gate, plate, skate. Did you notice anything? They all have the same rime, or ending sound: ATE. Learning to blend onsets and rimes helps us learn to read and write. Let's practice blending Dee and Kala's first onset-and-rime order to make a word! The onset is ‘M’ mmm The rime is ‘OP’ op. Let's say the sounds together: mmm, op. Let's blend them faster MOP! Blending mmm and op makes mop! The next customer ordered ‘ST’ st and ‘AR’ ar. Let's say the onset and rime together: st, ar. Let's blend them faster now: star! Blending st and ar makes star! Another customer ordered the onset and rime fff and ox. Do you know which word we make when we blend them together: flag or fox? Fff, ox makes fox! The last customer ordered the onset and rime sl and eep. Do you know which word we make when we blend them together: sleep or beep? Sl, eep makes sleep! While Dee and Kala fill the last orders, let's remember! Today we learned about onsets and rimes! An onset is the beginning sound in a word. A rime is the ending sound in a word. Learning to blend onsets and rimes helps us learn to read and write. "Look at all the happy customers, Kala!" "I think we're off to a great st, art!"

Onsets & Rimes exercise

Would you like to apply the knowledge you’ve learned? You can review and practice it with the tasks for the video Onsets & Rimes.
  • Identify the definitions.

    Hints

    Look at this example: In the word blink, the onset is bl, and the rime is ink.

    Look at this example. Where is the onset? Where is the rime?

    Solution

    The onset is the beginning sound in a word, like the c in cat.

    The rime is the ending sound in a word, like the at in cat.

  • Which words have the same rime?

    Hints

    Remember, the rime is the ending sound in a word.

    An example of words with the same rime would be: Sleep, sheep, keep. All words end with the rime eep.

    Start is not highlighted, since it ends with art, not ar. Remember we are looking for words that have ar at the end so if there is another letter after ar, it would not have the same rime.

    Solution

    Words that have the same rime are: car, jar, far, star, bar, and scar.

    These words all end in ar. They all have the same ending sound, or rime.

    Start is not highlighted, because it ends with a t. Art is not the same rime as ar. Mash is not highlighted, because it end with sh. Sh is not the same rime as ar.

  • Find the word.

    Hints

    Remember, blend the onset and rime together to figure out the word.

    Say the two sounds out loud. Which word do you hear?

    Solution

    The onset pl and the rime ay make the word play.

  • Blend the sounds.

    Hints

    Remember, you can say the onset and rime out loud to hear the word.

    You will make the word by blending both sounds together. Example: ch ..... at is the word chat.

    Solution

    By saying the onset and rime, then blending them faster, we can say the word.

    Example: c...at...cat!

  • Select the word.

    Hints

    Remember, say the onset and rime out loud, then blend it quicker to hear the word.

    Remember to use all the letters to make the word.

    Solution

    The onset is k, and the rime is ite. By blending them together, we find the word is kite.

  • Assign words to their onsets and rimes.

    Hints

    Remember, the onset is the beginning of the word, and the rime is the end.

    In the word blast, the onset is bl, and the rime is ast. Together, the onset and rime make blast.

    Solution

    The onset is the beginning sound in a word. Words with the beginning sound br have the onset br: brake, bread. Words with the beginning sound ch have the onset ch: chair, chip, check.

    The rime is the ending sound in a word. Words with the ending sound ing have the rime ing: sharing, thing*. Words with the ending sound at have the rime at: bat, hat.