Observe and Predict the Weather
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Basics on the topic Observe and Predict the Weather
How can you observe and predict the weather? How did they used to predict the weather in the past? Join Uma and learn all about predicting the weather!
Transcript Observe and Predict the Weather
That looks like a delicious picnic, Uma! But there are clouds in the sky; will it rain? Let's take a closer look at how to observe and predict the weather. Meteorologists are weather experts who watch the weather every day. To create weather forecasts for the next day, they use weather stations or weather satellites. They even use different weather tools, such as a weather balloon! In the past, when there were no weather stations, people depended on observing nature closely. Farmers were able to recognize the behaviors of animals or plants as weather changed. They wrote down their observations in so-called farmers rules. For example: If the swallow flies high, the weather will be dry! That even rhymes! Swallows fly lower to the ground when it is damp, or might be about to rain, because that is where insects, their food, like to be! Flowers, like daisies, often close their flowers in rain to protect them. Even though farmers do not observe weather like this anymore, it reminds us that we can observe nature for clues. We can do this by looking closely, listening, or smelling! Let's watch the clouds in the sky. What can you see here? The sky is cloudless the weather will stay beautiful! What about here? The clouds are denser, so the weather might be about to change! If there are many dark clouds in the sky, like this, there will probably be rain, or even thunderstorms! Look outside, how does the sky look by you? Let us know in the comments! Clouds are not the only way you can observe weather. To know which way the wind blows, you can wet your finger with water, and hold it in the air! The side where the wind blows will feel colder than any other side. However, you can only approximately sense the temperature without measuring devices. For example, you can use your nose. It might feel cold or warm, depending on the temperature! But, to read the exact temperature, you will need to use a thermometer. You can make your own weather diary with all this data from your observations on clouds, wind direction, and temperature. You can also add if if it rains, so you can become a weather expert yourself! I wonder if Uma's picnic will still happen? Of course, Uma has found some cover from the rain, and she even has company!
Observe and Predict the Weather exercise
What is another name for a weather expert?Hints
Cardiologist is a doctor who treats heart diseases.
Geologist is an expert who studies the history of the earth through rocks.
Pharmacist is an expert who prepares medicines in a pharmacy.Solution
Meteorologists are weather experts who watch the weather every day.
To create weather forecasts for the next day, they use weather stations or weather satellites.
What are some ways weather has been predicted by humans throughout time?Hints
Farmers used to write down their observations in so-called farmers rules.
Swallows fly lower to the ground when it is damp, or might be about to rain, because that is where insects, their food, like to be.
Your nose feels cold when the temperature is low.Solution
If the swallow flies high, the weather will be dry.
If the swallow flies lower, it will rain.
Farmers used to write down their weather observations in weather journals called farmers rules.
Some flowers close their petals to protect them from the rain.
If your nose feels cold, the temperature is low
How can your senses help you predict the weather?Hints
Use your sense of sight to observe the sky in the picture.
Do you see any clouds?
If not, what does this mean?
If there are dark clouds in the sky, it will probably rain.Solution
Using your sense of sight and looking at the picture, you will see a clear, cloudless sky. You can predict that the weather will probably be sunny with no rain.
How can you tell which way the wind blows?Hints
If we wet a finger and hold it in the air, our sense of touch will tell us the directions of the wind.
One of the sides of the finger will feel colder and this is the side from where the wind blows.Solution
We can use our senses to determine the way the wind blows.
To do so, we wet a finger.
We hold the wet finger in the air.
The side of the finger, from where the wind blows, feels colder.
How can your senses help you predict the weather?Hints
Your eyes help you see the world around you.
Your nose can sense cold.Solution
You know that the weather is about to rain when you see some birds flying lower to the ground.
When you see a cloudless sky, you know it won't rain.
Your nose might feel cold or warm depending on the temperature.
What was the weather like on Saturday?Hints
Uma recorded dense clouds on Wednesday, but no clouds on Saturday.
There was no wind on Tuesday.Solution
According to Uma's weather diary, we can see that the weather on Saturday was beautiful.
The sky was cloudless, there was no wind and the temperature was high.
The sky look dark because it’s night😑