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Plants and Animals in the Meadow

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Team Digital

Basics on the topic Plants and Animals in the Meadow

In this third grade video, we learn all about the plants and animals that lives the different layers of the meadow. Follow along with Newton as zir explores from the soil up through the blossoms.

Transcript Plants and Animals in the Meadow

Plants and Animals in the Meadow What a beautiful meadow. Look at all the pretty flowers! Researcher Newton is on a journey of discovery here in zir home where zirs friends and neighbors live too! Did you know that a meadow is made of different layers? Each layer is like a floor in a house and animals live in all of them! Let's take a look at the layers together. At the very bottom is the soil layer. It's like the basement of a house. Do you know the name of this animal that's made a home in the soil? A mole! Earthworms and ants also live in the soil layer. Did you know that earth bumblebees, relatives to Newton, also live in this layer? This layer is also important for plants: they absorb water and important nutrients from the soil using their roots. Roots also keep plants attached to the ground. Above the soil layer is the litter layer. Snails, beetles, and crickets live in the litter layer. Birds can also live in the litter layer, especially the ones that build their nests on the ground and lay eggs there, like the whinchat. Above the litter layer is the leaf and stem layer. Can you guess what parts of the plants are here? The leaves and stems of course! Do you recognize any of the creatures that live here? Spiders, locusts or even ladybugs. The last layer of the meadow is the blossom layer. It's like the attic of a house, at the very top. That is where a plant's flowers and blossoms are. You can also find some creatures here like bumblebees, bees and butterflies who all love the sweet nectar of the flowers. Let's take a closer look at this butterfly. Do you know what these parts of the butterfly are called? These are the antennae and this is the body of the butterfly. It has three parts: the head, the thorax, and the abdomen. The butterfly's three pairs of legs are attached to the thorax. Do you already know what we call these? These are the wings. The wings of this butterfly are very colorful. Each species of butterfly has a different pattern. There are almost eighteen thousand different butterfly species in the world! In the United States, however, there are only about seven hundred and fifty species. Let's also take a closer look at a plant now. This is a daisy. Have you ever seen one in a meadow? Down here are the roots. They absorb water and nutrients. Do you know what these are? These are the leaves and here you see the stems. And what is at the top of the daisy? Flowers. Many other flowers are formed the same way. Let's think about what we learned! A meadow is made up of different layers. The bottom layer is the soil layer where we find the roots of the plants and the homes of creatures like moles and earthworms. Above the soil layer is the litter layer. Snails and various beetles live here. And, above the litter layer is the leaf and stem layer where we find spiders, grasshoppers, and even ladybugs. The last layer of the meadow is the blossom layer. Here at the top, you can see bees, butterflies or bumblebees. Newton loves the meadow! Let's see what's waiting for zir over in the next one!

Plants and Animals in the Meadow exercise

Would you like to apply the knowledge you’ve learned? You can review and practice it with the tasks for the video Plants and Animals in the Meadow.
  • What are the different layers of a meadow?

    Hints

    Here, you can see all of the layers put together. Which ones make sense with the different layer names?

    Each of these animals lives in a different layer of the meadow from the lowest layer to the highest.

    • worm, snail, grasshopper, and bee

    Remember that there are some hints in the names of the layers that may help you match the layers.

    Where is the soil? Where are the stems? Where are the flower blossoms?

    Solution

    Here are our layers from bottom to top:

    - Soil layer

    - Litter layer

    - Stem & leaf layer

    - Blossom layer

  • Which animals do not live in the soil layer of the meadow?

    Hints

    Remember to choose all of the animals that apply! There are many animals that live in the soil layer, but also some that live in a different layer of the meadow.

    Think about what animals in the soil layer do. Do they fly? Dig? Walk? Which animals here do those activities?

    Solution

    The mole, earthworm, and ant all live in the soil layer, as we can see in the picture above. The bumblebee lives in the blossom layer and the snail in the litter layer.

  • What layer of the meadow does Newton like to hang out in?

    Hints

    Remember, Newton is a bumblebee.

    What do bumblebees like to take from plants? Nectar. Which layer gives a bumblebee access to that?

    Solution

    Newton belongs in the blossom layer because he is a bumblebee. Bumblebees collect nectar from flowers, which can be found in this layer of the meadow.

  • What are the parts of the butterfly called?

    Hints

    Remember that the body is separated into 3 parts. The other two parts can also be seen in the image below, but they are not parts of the body of the butterfly.

    Other insects also have some of the same parts of the butterfly. They usually make up the body.

    Solution

    The butterfly has 5 different parts: the antennae, the body, which consists of the head, thorax, & abdomen, and the wings.

    The five parts are:

    1. antennae
    2. head
    3. thorax
    4. abdomen
    5. wings

  • What are the different parts of a plant?

    Hints

    Remember the different functions of the plant parts to help you.

    • Roots: absorb water and nutrients
    • Flower: attract insects
    • Stem: supports the flower
    • Leaves: absorb sunlight

    Here is a sunflower that has the same 4 parts. See if it helps you complete the labeling.

    Solution

    Here we can see: roots, leaves, stem, flower.

  • Animals in the different layers of the meadow.

    Hints

    There are at least 2 animals for each layer of the meadow.

    Look at the layers all separated out. Think about what the different animals you can see do. Which layer do they best fit into?

    Solution
    • Soil layer is the home of the mole and earthworm.
    • Litter layer is the home of the snail and beetle.
    • Leaf & Stem layer is the home of the ladybug and grasshopper.
    • Blossom layer is the home of the butterfly and bee.