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Basics on the topic Early Bloomers
Follow Newton as ze learns about Early Bloomers--the first flowers to show in Spring! Learn the secret behind how they are able to bloom before the others.
Transcript Early Bloomers
It's February and Newton is busy collecting pollen and food. How wonderful that even with cold and snow some flowers have started blooming! But how can that happen? Let's look at the trick that allows the "early bloomers" to grow so soon in the year. We can look at a flower called a snowdrop to learn more! At the very bottom are the roots. The roots take in water and food called nutrients. Above them, the early bloomers have a bulb. The bulb holds the food that the plant needs to grow. Out of the bulb grows the stem. On the stem comes a leaf. There may be many leaves. At the top sits the flower. Now let's look at another early bloomer called the crocus. Can you help us find the parts: bulb, leaf, roots, stem and flower? Here they are! All in order! But what happens before spring comes? In the fall the roots and bulb lie underground. In the winter a baby green stem sprouts from the bulb. As soon as it gets warmer, it quickly grows out of the ground. And, a snowdrop with a flower and leaves bloom! By summer, the snowdrop begins to wilt. But how are the early bloomers able to grow so early in the year? The secret is in the bulb, because food nutrients are stored there. It's like a backpack that the plant uses to pack everything it will need until next spring. Once the early bloomer grows, the stem acts like a straw, bringing water and food up to the top. The leaves collect sunlight. From this, the plant makes new food nutrients. This new food is stored in the bulb! This is how the early bloomer packs its backpack for next year. But not all flowers have a bulb. The poppy does not. Since the poppy has not packed a backpack, it must work very hard to gather all the food again during the year. This takes time, so it grows much slower and blooms much later in the year. When the poppy slowly comes out of the ground, the season for early bloomers is almost over. But because the early bloomers awaken before anything else in the year, Newton can find them first! Hey! Where is Newton anyway? Before we find out, let's remember! An early bloomer has roots, a bulb, a stem, a leaf, and a flower. The bulb is a special tool for early bloomers. This is where important food nutrients are stored for the year. These nutrients help the early bloomer grow first in spring. Oh, there's Newton! Oh no! Newton can't fit!
I liked the end when the bee got stuck in the dirt because he was trying to be a bulb! HaHa!
Early Bloomers exercise
Can you label the plant?Hints
Early bloomers have bulbs that store everything they need to grow. The bulb is near the bottom of the plant.
The flower and leaves come from the stem.
Roots are underground.Solution
Here is the correctly labelled plant.
What are the names of these early bloomers?Hints
Snowdrops have white flowers.
Daffodils are usually yellow and have a trumpet in the centre of the flower.
Hyacinths have many small flowers close together.Solution
Here are the early bloomers with their names.
How do early bloomers grow?Hints
In autumn, the bulb is lying underground and nothing has sprouted yet.
When the weather gradually starts to get warmer, a shoot appears.
After the flower has bloomed, the plant will wilt.Solution
Here are the correctly sequenced images.
- In autumn, the roots and bulb are lying underground and nothing has sprouted yet.
- In winter, a baby green stem sprouts from the bulb.
- As soon as it gets warmer, it quickly grows out of the ground.
- A snowdrop with a flower and leaves blooms.
- By late spring, after the flower has bloomed, the snowdrop will wilt.
Which of these plants are early bloomers?Hints
Think about what time of year you might see these flowers and plants in parks and gardens.
What do all early blooming plants have to store all of the energy they need?
They all have a bulb. If the plant has a bulb it is an early bloomer.Solution
The early bloomers all have bulbs to store all of the energy they need to bloom earlier in the year.
- strawberry plant
What do all early bloomers have?Hints
This part could be described as a backpack where everything the flower will need to bloom is stored.
This is the part of the plant.Solution
All early bloomers have a bulb.
Here is the bulb of the snowdrop.
What do you know about early bloomers?Hints
Can you remember what each part of the plant is called? What are the parts that are underground called?
What is the part of the early blooming plant that stores energy called?
Which part of the plant collects sunlight?Solution
At the very bottom of the plant are roots. These take up water and nutrients.
Above the roots is a bulb. This holds food the plant needs to grow.
The bulb is like a backpack the plant uses to pack everything it will need until next spring.
Once the plant grows, the stem acts like a straw, bringing up food and water. The leaves collect sunlight.
From this, the plant makes its own food or nutrients. The new food is stored in the bulb for next year.