# Kindergarten Capitalization: First Words and 'I'

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Kindergarten Capitalization: First Words and 'I'
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.K.2.A

## Basics on the topicKindergarten Capitalization: First Words and 'I'

Join Pip and Koko as they are introduced to the first rules of capitalization.

### TranscriptKindergarten Capitalization: First Words and 'I'

Hmm, what is this? It looks like Pip found Koko's sketchbook! As he flips through the pages, he decides to write a sentence about each drawing. But he can't seem to remember which letters need to be capitalized in the sentences. Let's help Pip by learning about "Kindergarten Capitalization: First Words and I". You might already know that all the letters in the alphabet come in two sizes: big and little. The big letters are called uppercase letters. They can also be called capital letters, but it means the same thing. When we write a letter in this uppercase, or bigger form, it is called capitalization. The English language has many rules about when to capitalize letters. But, we learn about two capitalization rules in kindergarten. Here is the first rule: We capitalize the first letter of the first word in a sentence. So in the sentence, 'My pencil can draw' we capitalize the letter M in the first word 'my'! Here is the second rule: We capitalize the word 'I' when we use it to write about ourselves. The word 'I' is capitalized wherever it falls in a sentence! Let's look at some examples! Here, we capitalize 'I' in the beginning of the sentence: I like art. We capitalize 'I' in the middle of this sentence: Koko and I have brushes! And we capitalize 'I' at the end of this one: Who am I? Now that Pip knows the first two capitalization rules, we can help him fix his sentences about Koko's sketches. Which letter do we need to capitalize in this sentence? This is a duck. We need to capitalize the letter T because it is the first letter in the first word of Pip's sentence. Which letter do we need to capitalize in this sentence? I like this squirrel. We need to capitalize the word ‘I’ because it is the first word and letter in the sentence, and it's the word Pip is using to write about himself! While Pip fixes his sentences and looks for Koko, let's remember! Today we learned about the two kindergarten capitalization rules. Rule one: We capitalize the first letter of the first word in a sentence. Rule two: We capitalize the word I when we use it to write about ourselves. "Hey, Koko! Look what I did!" "Silly, Pip! You're holding it wrong! That is a bunny, and that is a horse!”

## Kindergarten Capitalization: First Words and 'I' exercise

Would you like to apply the knowledge you’ve learned? You can review and practice it with the tasks for the video Kindergarten Capitalization: First Words and 'I'.
• ### Can you find the capital letters?

Hints

Think about letters you see at the beginning of a sentence, these are capital letters.

Use this picture of the alphabet in capital letters to help you.

Solution

Here we can see the capital letters highlighted.

They are T, I, H, K, and M.

The letters a, e, r, and q are lowercase letters.

• ### When do we use capital letters?

Hints

This sentence has capital letters in the correct places:

Sam and I like to paint.

Do all of the capital letters look correct in this sentence?

i cAn rUn.

There are two true options and one false option.

Solution

These options are true. We use capital letters:

• for the first word in a sentence.
• for the word I.
This option is false. We don't use capital letters:

• in the middle of a word.
• ### Can you find the mistakes?

Hints

We always use a capital letter at the beginning of a sentence.

The word I always needs to be a capital letter.

There are four mistakes to highlight.

Solution
1. I should always be a capital. The correct sentence is: I see Koko.
2. The o in going should not be a capital. The correct sentence is: We are going to the park.
3. The first T should be a capital, as it is the first letter in the sentence. The second t should be lowercase. The correct sentence is: The swings are the best.
• ### Can you complete the sentences?

Hints

We always start sentences with capital letters.

I should always be a capital letter.

There are four capital letters to fill in and two lowercase letters.

Solution

Here are the correct sentences:

• Koko is my friend.
• Koko and I like to paint.
• We can paint a rainbow.
• ### Which sentences have capital letters in the correct places?

Hints

We use capital letters at the beginning of a sentence.

We always write I with a capital letter.

We don't use capital letters in the middle of a word.

There are two correct choices.

Solution

These sentences have capital letters in the correct places:

• I am six.
• Tom is ten.
These sentences do not have capital letters in the correct places:

• i Got uP. This should be: I got up.
• hE got His bag. This should be: He got his bag.
• ### Can you complete the story?

Hints

Always start a sentence with a capital letter.

Always use a capital letter for the word I.

Solution

Once there was a squirrel named Sammy. He liked to play with his friends. One day, Sammy found a big acorn. "I will plant this," he said. Sammy was very happy.