# Capitalizing Words

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Team Digital
Capitalizing Words
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.1.2.A

## Basics on the topicCapitalizing Words

What did you learn about capitalizing words? You may already know that there are two different sizes of letters that we use when writing. One type is called capital letters, or uppercase letters. We can use capital, or uppercase letters to make some words stand out!

We always capitalize; * The first letter of a sentence * The word I * Names

### TranscriptCapitalizing Words

Sweet summer time, the air is warm, the sun is shining and Koko is at summer camp! While at her painting camp, she wants to write a letter to Pip to tell him all about what she's been up to. There's just one problem, though, she's not sure what needs to be capitalized. Let's help her by learning all about Capitalizing Words. You may already know that there are two different sizes of letters that we use when writing. One type is called capital letters, or uppercase letters. These letters are bigger and sometimes slightly different than the smaller lowercase letters. We can use capital, or uppercase letters to make some words stand out! Let's take a look at Koko's first sentence in her letter to see more. She wrote, 'how are you? I miss you so much!' You might already know that we always capitalize the first letter of the first word in a sentence. What is the first letter of the first word in this sentence? The first word is 'how', starts with the letter H, and it looks like this! Let's look at Koko's next sentence. Can you think of any words that we would want to make stand out because they are important? Her next sentence says, 'camp is so much fun, I paint a new picture every day!' The next word we always capitalize is the letter I. The letter I represents you, and since you are important it needs to stand out! Koko's next sentence says, 'you would have so much fun here, pip'. Are there any words you think we should capitalize here? We should capitalize any names, because they are important and need to stand out, too! That means Koko should make the P in Pip capital! Take a look at Koko's next sentence to see if there are any other words to capitalize. I can't wait to see you at friends day on Sunday, July thirtieth!' We also always capitalize the date which includes the day of the week, here it's Sunday and the month is July! Let's check Koko's final sentence to see if she needs to capitalize any words. It says, 'see you soon, Pip!' We need to capitalize the S in see and the P in Pip! Before we see how Koko's letter turned out, let's review. Today we learned all about capitalizing words. We learned that we capitalize some words to make them stand out. We always capitalize the first letter of the first word in a sentence, the letter I, people's names, and dates! Now, let's see about that letter. "I hope this gets to Pip in time." "SURPRISE! HAPPY INTERNATIONAL FRIENDS DAY!" "Oh, Pip, friends day is next week!"

## Capitalizing Words exercise

Would you like to apply the knowledge you’ve learned? You can review and practice it with the tasks for the video Capitalizing Words.
• ### Can you find the capital letters?

Hints

Capital letters are often bigger than lower case letters.

Capital letters are found at the beginning of names. For example; Ted.

Here we can see the alphabet in capital letters.

There are five capital letters to highlight.

Solution

The capital letters here are: L, N, W, R and F.

The other letters are lower case: h, b, y, a and t.

• ### Which words do we need to capitalise?

Hints

This sentence has capital letters in the correct places:

Sally and I went to the park on Saturday.

There are four correct options.

Solution

We always use capital letters for:

• the first word in a sentence.
• the word I.
• names of people.
• months and days.
• ### Where should the capital letters go?

Hints

Days of the week need capital letters.

We don't need to use a capital I if it is part of another word like in, if or is.

Solution

Here are the correct pairs:

• koko is my friend : Koko is my friend.
• i like to paint with koko : I like to paint with Koko.
• on friday, i am going to a sleepover : On Friday, I am going to a sleepover.
• it might snow in january : It might snow in January.
• ### Can you find the mistakes?

Hints

Names always begin with a capital letter.

For example, we would highlight this sentence like this.

It should be:

Letters at the end of a word don't usually need capitalising.

Solution

Here we can see the correctly highlighted sentences. The sentences should be:

1. I am going to the shop with Koko.
2. Pip is going to get some bananas.
3. We often go to the shops on Thursday.
• ### Which sentences are capitalised correctly?

Hints

We always start a sentence with a capital letter.

We use capital letters for names, days and months.

Solution

• I am chatting to Polly.
• Bill's birthday is in March.
These sentences are incorrect:

• sam Is seven. This should be: Sam is seven.
• Can i go swimming on monday? This should be: Can I go swimming on Monday?
• ### Can you write the sentence correctly?

Hints

Listen to the sentence as many times as you like.

Don't forget to finish your sentence with a full stop.

Remember, names and days of the week need to start with capital letters.

Here is the sentence without capital letters:

koko and pip are going camping on saturday.

Solution

The correct sentence is:

Koko and Pip are going camping on Saturday.