Identifying Prepositional Phrases

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Identifying Prepositional Phrases
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.4.1.E

Basics on the topic Identifying Prepositional Phrases

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In This Identifying Prepositional Phrases Video

Pip thinks there is a monster hiding in his room. He runs into Koko’s room to tell her all about it. As he describes the events, we will learn how to identify prepositional phrases, understand why are prepositional phrases are important and determine how many prepositional phrases are there in the sentences. Koko gets settled back into his room and discovers the monster was all in his imagination…or was it?

What is a Prepositional Phrase?

Prepositional phrases are a group of words that begin with a preposition and end with the object of the preposition. A prepositional phrase can modify, or describe, a noun or a verb.

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What is a Prepositional Phrase Example?

25657_SEO_line-18.svg This prepositional phrase, ‘next to his bed’, modifies the noun, noise, and tells us where the noise came from.

25657_SEO_line-23.svg This prepositional phrase, ‘under the blanket’, modifies the verb, hid, and tells us where he hid.

Identifying Prepositional Phrases Practice

Following the video is additional how to identify a prepositional phrase practice with exercises that have you find the prepositional phrases in sentences and an identifying prepositional phrases worksheet.

Transcript Identifying Prepositional Phrases

"Identifying Prepositional Phrases" “There’s a MONSTER in my room!” “What? What is going on? “There’s a MONSTER in my room!” “And he was trying to get me!” “Ok, start from the beginning and tell me step by step what happened.” Pip will describe the events to Koko using prepositional phrases. Prepositional phrases add more details to our sentences by giving additional information that specifies when, where, or how something happened. Let's hear Pip's story. Pip heard a scary noise next to his bed! In this sentence, 'Pip heard a scary noise next to his bed', next to his bed', is the prepositional phrase. Prepositional phrases are a group of words that begin with a preposition and end with the object of the preposition. A prepositional phrase can modify, or describe, a noun or a verb. In this sentence, NOISE is the noun and the preposition, NEXT, links the noise to the object of a preposition, which is the bed. Pip was so scared, he hid under the blanket! In this sentence,' Pip was so scared, he hid under the blanket,' the prepositional phrase is giving additional information about the verb. The verb, HID, tells what Pip did, and the prepositional phrase, ‘under the blanket’, answers the question of where he hid. Here the preposition is ‘UNDER' and links 'his hiding' to the object of the preposition, which is the blanket. After he saw the monster, he tried to scream. Look at this sentence. What did Pip do here? He tried to scream. WHEN did he try to do that? After he saw the monster. In this sentence, the preposition comes at the BEGINNING! The preposition, 'after', links 'seeing the monster' to the scream. Notice that when a prepositional phrase starts a sentence, we put a comma between the phrase and the remainder of the sentence. Pip jumped over the ferocious beast and ran down the steps! What prepositional phrases do you see in this sentence? ‘Over the ferocious beast’ is a prepositional phrase that answers WHERE he jumped and 'down the steps’ is also a phrase that shows where he ran. Compound sentences like this have more than one prepositional phrase. Pip hopped on the bed and shouted Koko's name. What prepositional phrase do you see in this sentence? ‘On the bed' is a prepositional phrase. What question does it answer? Where Pip hopped to. What is the preposition? On. What is the object of the preposition here? The bed. As Koko settles Pip back to his bed, let's review. Remember... prepositional phrases add more details to our sentences giving additional information that specifies when, where, or how something happened. Prepositional phrases are a group of words that begin with a preposition and end with the object of the preposition. A prepositional phrase can modify, or describe, a noun or a verb. A prepositional phrase can be found anywhere in a sentence. When a sentence starts with a prepositional phrase, we put a comma between the phrase and the remainder of the sentence. "See Pip!" "Everything is fine. It was your imagination." "Good night!" "Good night, Koko!" "Good night, Koko!"