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Adding Suffixes to Base Words (-y, -ly)

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Adding Suffixes to Base Words (-y, -ly)
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.3.2E

Basics on the topic Adding Suffixes to Base Words (-y, -ly)

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Adding Suffixes to Words

There are many suffixes you can add to base words. Today, we will be learning about the suffixes -y and -ly. The suffix -y usually changes nouns into adjectives. The suffix -ly usually changes adjectives into adverbs. Below you can find rules for adding suffixes to base words in 3rd grade.

Adding Suffixes Rules

Here are the rules for the suffix -y: * If the noun is a CVC word, double the last letter and add -y. * If the noun ends in a consonant then -e, drop the -e and add -y. * If the noun does not end in an -e, or is not a CVC word, just add the -y.

Here are the rules for the suffix -ly: * If the adjective ends with -y, swap the y for an i, and add -ly. * If the adjective ends with -le, drop the -le and add -ly. * If the adjective does not end with -y or -le, just add -ly.

Below you will find an adding suffixes to root words worksheet for 3rd grade.

Transcript Adding Suffixes to Base Words (-y, -ly)

"Hey, it's wind! Look at that person going by quick!" "I think you meant it's windy, look at that person going by quickly." "You forgot your suffixes." "My what, now?" Let's help Pip learn all about suffixes by adding suffixes to base words. Suffixes are word parts that are added to the end of base, or root, words that can change the word meaning. Today, we will be learning about the suffixes -y and -ly. First, let's look at the different rules for the suffix, -y. The suffix -y usually changes nouns into adjectives. Here is the first rule: If the noun is a CVC word, double the last letter and add -y. For example, FOG is a CVC word, so double the -g, and add -y, to make the adjective, foggy. What about the noun, run? Run is also a CVC word, so double the -n and add -y, to make the adjective runny. Here is the next rule: If the noun ends in a consonant then -e, drop the -e and add -y. For example, breeze has a consonant then -e, so drop the -e and add -y, to make the adjective breezy. What about the noun, cheese? Cheese has a consonant then -e, so drop the -e and add -y, to make the adjective cheesy. Here is the final rule for the suffix -y: If the noun does not end in an -e, or is not a CVC word, just add the -y. Wind does not end in an -e, and is not a CVC word, so add y to the end, to make the adjective windy. What about the noun, cloud? Cloud does not end in an -e, and is not a CVC word, so add -y to the end, to make the word cloudy. Now, let's look at the suffix -ly. The suffix -ly usually changes adjectives into adverbs. Here is the first rule: If the adjective ends with -y, swap the -y for an -i, and add -ly. Merry ends with -y, so swap the -y for an -i and add -ly, to make the adverb merrily. What about the adjective, day? Day ends with a -y so swap the -y for an -i, and add -ly, to make the adverb daily. Here is the next rule: If the adjective ends with -le, drop the -le and add -ly. Terrible ends with -le, so drop the -le, and add -ly, to make the adverb terribly. What about the adjective, wobble? Wobble ends with -le so drop the -le, and add -ly, to make the adverb wobbly. Here is the final rule for the suffix -ly; If the adjective does not end with -y or -le, just add -ly. Quick ends in neither -y or -le. so just add -ly, to make the adverb quickly. What about the adjective, quiet? Quiet ends in neither -y or -le so just add -ly, to make the adverb quietly. While Koko and Pip finish up in the coffee shop, let's review! The suffix -y usually changes nouns into adjectives. The suffix -ly usually changes adjectives into adverbs. Here are the rules for the suffix -y. Here are the rules for the suffix -ly. It seems Dundee has been standing in this WINDY weather all this time. Maybe they're quietly people watching from outside the coffee shop!