**Video Transcript**

##
Transcript
**Keywords for Division**

Meet McWoof, sheep herding dog extraordinaire. Although he's an expert now, he wasn't always able to **divide** herds of sheep into smaller groups.

### The keywords for division

To get where he is today, McWoof had to learn all the **keywords for division.** Since McWoof was a puppy, Shepherd McWilliams taught him different signals for the **parts of division**:

- the dividend
- the divisor
- the quotient
*and the* - remainder

To stop overgrazing, Shepherd McWilliams’ sheep have to graze on different fields. So, we need these 18 sheep to be **divided** into equal groups of 6 sheep each. In this situation, 18 is the **dividend**, or the number you are going to **divide**. 6 is the **divisor**, or the number of sheep in one group. From 18, we can make three equal groups of 6 sheep, so the **quotient** is 3. If there were any sheep left over after **dividing**, that would be the **remainder**. We could write this **equation** like this, this, or this.

No matter how you write it, the answer, or the **quotient**, is the same.
When he’s finished, McWoof gives the shepherd a signal that the job is done and he can check to see if the groups are of **equivalent** sizes. He was taught that it's important to make sure all the groups are the **same size**, with no **remainders**.
It looks like McWoof tried to divide the 18 sheep into equal groups with 5 sheep in each group.
But after making 3 groups, each with 5 sheep, there are 3 sheep remaining; so the remainder is 3.

### The ratio

In **addition** to **splitting** the herd into equal groups, McWoof was also taught to keep track of the **ratio** of white sheep to black sheep in the herd. In this case, we have a ratio of 15 white sheep to 3 black sheep.
Typically, we reduce the ratios to the simplest form, just like with **fractions**!
This means that for every five white sheep, there is one black sheep.
**Ratios** can be written in a couple of different ways.

McWilliams also taught McWoof to help determine the average amount of wool that comes from his different kinds of sheep. To find the average of something, you take a total sum and divide that by the number of elements you added together. For example, if the black sheep’s wool production looks like this, then the total sum of the pounds of wool, 9, is your dividend, and the number of things you **summed**, in this case, the number of black sheep, 3, is your **divisor**. Now we just divide 9 by 3 to find the average. So each time one of the black sheep is sheared, Shepherd McWilliams can expect an average of 3 lbs. of wool. Shepherd McWilliams is so proud of his herding hound, that he’d like to give him one of his favorite treats. Oh, I guess counting sheep has unintended consequences.