Dot Plots03:12 minutes

Video Transcript

TranscriptDot Plots

After hearing stories from her grandmother of a magical place, Elz the Elf Girl searched far and wide and finally, she's found the storied wonderland! Legend says that whoever proclaims the 'magic' word while standing in this exact spot will be granted the strength to lift 5,000 times their own weight.

Decipher a dot plot

Since the colums aren't labeled Elz doesn't know where to begin to look for the magic word. Luckily, Elz can use a key given to her by her grandma, as a tool to decipher a dot plot. To find the correct letter in each column of a dot plot, she must first count the number of objects in this list: boulders, torches, statues, skulls, willow trees, and the number of steps.

Drawing a dot plot

Elz counts. She has 8 boulders, 4 torches, 3 statues, 5 skulls, 1 willow tree, and the stairs have just 3 steps. Elz jots down the totals into a frequency table, but she needs to present the data in a dot plot. How to do this? Let’s help her out. To draw the dot plot, first, we draw a horizontal line and label it with the different items you would like to count. You can use words, pictures, or numbers when appropriate. Now, add dots to indicate the frequency of each item. It’s optional to draw a vertical line labeled with numbers to identify the frequency, and it may even make the dot plot easier to interpret. Notice how the data jumps out at you? Okay, Elz is good to go.

Completing a dot plot

You're probably wondering how she can use Grandma’s key to discover the magic word. Well, there's another way to complete a dot plot. If we put a dot only at the point of the greatest absolute value for each column. Take a look what happens when she uses the key. Elz discovers the magic word, ‘B’ ‘E’ ‘M’ ‘I’ ‘N’ ‘I'. Bemini? Hmm, maybe ’be mini’? Something is happening! Will Elz be able to lift 5,000 times her own weight?

Ah, now I get it, ‘be mini!‘ I hope this isn't permanent.

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Dot Plots Exercise

Would you like to practice what you’ve just learned? Practice problems for this video Dot Plots help you practice and recap your knowledge.

• Explain how to draw a dot plot.

Hints

Here you can see the first step.

This is how the second steps looks if you want to show the frequencies of the boulders, torches, statues, and so on.

This is a completed dot plot.

Solution

How can we draw a dot plot?

1. First draw a horizontal line.
2. Next label this line. Which kind of labelling you choose doesn't matter: you can choose words, or numbers, or pictures.
3. Add the corresponding dots to show the frequency.
4. Draw a vertical line with the labelling of the frequencies for a better understanding.
5. You can also remove the dots up to the one showing the total frequency.

• Draw a dot plot.

Hints

Find the right symbol for each of the objects below the horizontal line. There is only one dot per column.

For example, if Elz saw three apples you would have to look for the column with the symbol of an apple and put a dot at the row with the frequency $3$.

The solution is a composition of two words.

Solution

To figure out the magic word, first you have to look for the corresponding symbol below the horizontal line.

Let's start with the boulders in the first column. Elz can see eight of them. So in the first column we count from bottom to top and mark the eighth letter, which is "B“.

In the next column we see the torches. Elz finds four of them. This gives us "E“.

Next, let's have a look at the number of statues, which is three. This leads us to "K“.

The number of skulls, five, results in "I“.

There are still two letters left:

"N“ for the one tree and "D“ for the three steps.

The magic word is "BE KIND“.

• Label the dot plot.

Hints

If the number of roses Kyla finds is five, we have to look for the column with exactly five dots and label it with "roses".

Solution

Let's have a look the dot plot from left to right:

• In the first column we find five dots, which corresponds to the number of roses.
• The second column contains six dots, the number of lilies.
• In the third column has three dots, which represents the number of daisies.
• The number of dots, four, in the fourth column corresponds to the number of irises.
• The number of dots in the last column, eight, is the same as the number of asters.

• Determine how many cars of each color are passing by in one hour.

Hints

The total number of cars is $33$.

You can either count the number of dots or just have a look at the vertical line.

Solution

Just count the number of dots in each column:

Yellow cars - there are $7$ dots, so Kyla saw $7$ yellow cars in one hour.

To determine the numbers of the other cars we use the same strategy of counting dots:

• Green cars - $6$ dots represent $6$ green cars.
• Blue cars - $8$ dots represent $8$ blue cars.
• Red cars - $12$ dots represent $12$ red cars.

• Find the right dot plot presenting the objects Elz can see.

Hints

The symbols below the horizontal line from left to the right are: boulders, torches, statues, skulls, trees, and steps.

Check the frequency each time.

Solution

Here you see the right dot plot.

To show data in a dot plot, we first draw a horizontal line and label it, for example by using pictures.

Next, we add the number of dots corresponding to the given frequencies from left to right:

• $8$ boulders
• $4$ torches
• $3$ statues
• $5$ skulls
• $1$ tree
• $3$ steps

• Find the right dot plot for each data set.

Hints

You have to count the number of dots per column.

You can also draw a dot plot yourself:

• Start with the horizontal line and label it from $1$ to $6$.
• Add the number of dots per column corresponding to the data set.
• Compare your dot plot with the given ones.

Solution

Here is how you create a dot plot:

• First draw a horizontal line.
• Next label this line from left to right with $1$ to $6$.
• Then add the number of dots which are given in each table.

$\begin{array}{l|c|c|c|c|c|c} \text{number}&1&2&3&4&5&6\\ \hline \text{frequency}&7&7&8&6&5&4 \end{array}$

The first two columns contain $7$ dots each, the next $8$, and then $6$, $5$, and $4$ dots. The corresponding dot plot is the red one.

In a similar way you can assign the other tables to the corresponding dot plots.

$\begin{array}{l|c|c|c|c|c|c} \text{number}&1&2&3&4&5&6\\ \hline \text{frequency}&7&6&5&8&5&6 \end{array}$

corresponds to the green dot plot.

$\begin{array}{l|c|c|c|c|c|c} \text{number}&1&2&3&4&5&6\\ \hline \text{frequency}&5&6&7&8&7&6 \end{array}$

corresponds to the yellow dot plot.

$\begin{array}{l|c|c|c|c|c|c} \text{number}&1&2&3&4&5&6\\ \hline \text{frequency}&7&6&8&8&7&5 \end{array}$

corresponds to the blue dot plot.