# Multiplying a Fraction by a Whole Number

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Multiplying a Fraction by a Whole Number
CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.4.NF.B.4.B

## How to Multiply Fractions with Whole Numbers

This text will show how multiplying a fraction with a whole number works using models and symbols. For continued practice, there is a multiplying fractions by a whole number worksheet available after watching the video. In this next step, let’s look at how multiplying fractions with whole numbers works with the help of an example.

## Multiplying Fractions with Whole Numbers – Steps

These are the steps to multiplying a whole number by a fraction:

• First, write the fraction.
• Next, write the whole number as a fraction with a denominator of one.
• Multiply the numerators.
• Multiply the denominators.
• Rewrite the fraction as a mixed number if needed.

## Multiplying Fractions with Whole Numbers – Example

In This example, we investigate how to multiply $\frac{2}{3}$ by 2.

First of all we write our fraction $\frac{2}{3}$ and then write our whole number as a fraction with a denominator of 1: $\frac{2}{1}$. We then multiply the numerators.

2 x 2 = 4.

And then the denominators.

3 x 1 = 3.

We then have the fraction $\frac{4}{3}$ which can be rewritten as 1 $\frac{1}{3}$.

## Multiplying Fractions with Whole Numbers – Summary

Remember the steps for multiplying fractions with whole numbers? The table below shows you the required steps.

Step # What to do
1 Write the fraction.
2 Write the whole number as a fraction
with a denominator of one.
3 Multiply the numerators.
4 Multiply the denominators.
5 Rewrite the fraction as a mixed
number if needed.

Be sure to visit the interactive exercises and worksheets after watching the video if you want further practice.

### TranscriptMultiplying a Fraction by a Whole Number

“....So, start training and come on down to participate in the Ultimate Triathlon!” “Tank,(...) are you thinking what I’m thinking?” “That it’s time for dinner?” “ No (...) well, yes (...) but, I think we should take part in the triathlon!” Axel and Tank are going to need to spend a portion of time each week on biking, swimming, and running in order to prepare for the triathlon. We can help Axel and Tank get ready for the event by "Multiplying Fractions by Whole Numbers" to keep track of their training routines. Axel and Tank are going to bike for two-thirds of an hour, (...)twice a week. We know that we can add fractions to solve for the total. Two-thirds plus two-thirds equals four-thirds. Although, repeated addition becomes tricky when we have more groups. We can also multiply fractions by whole numbers because it is a more efficient way to solve the problem. To multiply fractions by a whole number, first, start with the fraction that is shown(...) two-thirds. We are going to multiply that by the number of groups we have(...) which is two. Next, rewrite the whole number as a fraction. So we need to add a denominator. Since a denominator tells us how many parts a whole is divided into, think about how many parts make up a whole. A whole number is NOT divided into parts, so there is only 1 in the WHOLE... meaning the denominator is ONE. Now, let's multiply two-thirds times two. (...) Multiply the numerators… two times two equals four. Now multiply the denominators… three times one equals three. Two-thirds times two equals four-thirds. Four-thirds is an improper fraction because four is more than three, so it can be rewritten as one and one-third. Axel and Tank will ride their bikes for one and one-third hours each week. They will also need to train for the running event. To set up the multiplication equation for this problem, the first step is to write the fraction. What is the fraction of the hour they plan on training? (...) They will train for three-fourths of an hour. How many times a week will they run? They will run four times a week. Our equation is three-fourths times four. The next step is to rewrite four as a fraction by putting one as the denominator. Now, multiply the numerators(...) three times four equals twelve… and multiply the denominators(...) four times one equals four. The answer is twelve-fourths(...) which can be rewritten as three wholes. Axel and Tank will run three hours a week. Since swimming is their favorite, they are planning on swimming A LOT! How much time in an hour do they plan to spend on swimming? They are going to swim eight-twelfths of an hour. How many times a week are they going to swim? Nine times a week. How do we set up the equation? Eight-twelfths times nine over one equals. How many hours a week do they train for swimming? Seventy-two twelves(...) which can be rewritten as six. Axel and Tank will swim six hours each week!! Remember,(...) We multiply fractions by whole numbers because it is a more efficient way to solve the problem. First, write the fraction. Next, write the whole number as a fraction with a denominator of one. Multiply the numerators. Multiply the denominators Rewrite the fraction as a mixed number if needed. “TANK, (...) WE DID IT!” “Yes! All that hard work paid off!” “It was a beautiful day today at The Ultimate Triathlon…” we are SO proud of all the contestants.”

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From MOJOLA , 6 months ago

## Multiplying a Fraction by a Whole Number exercise

Would you like to apply the knowledge you’ve learned? You can review and practice it with the tasks for the video Multiplying a Fraction by a Whole Number .
• ### Which fractions do the shaded shapes represent?

Hints

Think about the proportion of the circle that is shaded. For example, this circle is $\frac{3}{4}$ shaded.

Can you simplify the fractions with the larger denominators to help you?

Solution

Here are the fractions that match each shape.

• The first shape represents $\frac{1}{4}$. $\frac{3}{12}$ can be simplified to $\frac{1}{4}$ by dividing both the numerator and the denominator by 3.
• The second shape represents $\frac{1}{3}$. $\frac{2}{6}$ can be simplified to $\frac{1}{3}$ by dividing both the numerator and the denominator by 2.
• The third shape represents $\frac{1}{2}$. $\frac{4}{8}$ can be simplified to $\frac{1}{2}$ by dividing both the numerator and the denominator by 4. $\frac{6}{12}$ can also be simplified to $\frac{1}{2}$ by dividing both the numerator and the denominator by 6.
• The fourth shape represents $\frac{2}{3}$. $\frac{4}{6}$ can be simplified to $\frac{2}{3}$ by dividing both the numerator and the denominator by 2. $\frac{6}{9}$ can also be simplified to $\frac{2}{3}$ by dividing both the numerator and the denominator by 3.
• ### Can you help Axel and Tank?

Hints

Start by finding the fraction you are multiplying.

We can write the whole number as a fraction to help us find the answer.

Are there any words in the text that could help you with ordering?

Solution

These are the correctly ordered steps that Axel and Tank should follow:

1. First, write the fraction.
2. Write the whole number as a fraction.
3. Multiply the numerators.
4. Multiply the denominators.
5. Finally, re-write the fraction as a mixed number if necessary.
• ### Find the times for each exercise.

Hints

Use the shaded circle to help you. For example, this circle represents $\frac{3}{4}$.

Remember, you can make the whole number into a fraction like this to help you with the multiplication.

You could get some paper and a pencil to help you if you need to.

Solution

This is how long Axel and Tank will do each exercise each week.

• Cycling = $\frac{3}{6}$ x 5 = $\frac{3}{6}$ x $\frac{5}{1}$ = $\frac{15}{6}$ = 2 $\frac{3}{6}$ = 2 $\mathbf{\frac{1}{2}}$
• Running = $\frac{7}{8}$ x 3 = $\frac{7}{8}$ x $\frac{3}{1}$ = $\frac{21}{8}$ = 2 $\mathbf{\frac{5}{8}}$
• Swimming = $\frac{9}{10}$ x 7 = $\frac{9}{10}$ x $\frac{7}{1}$ = $\frac{63}{10}$ = 6 $\mathbf{\frac{3}{10}}$
• Walking = $\frac{1}{3}$ x 6 = $\frac{1}{3}$ x $\frac{6}{1}$ = $\frac{6}{3}$ = 2
• ### Solve the multiplication problems

Hints

How can you change the whole number to make it easier to multiply?

Remember to re-write your final fraction at the end as a mixed number if necessary.

Solution

Axel and Tank have spent this many hours doing these activities.

• Watching TV= $\frac{4}{5}$ x 6 = $\frac{4}{5}$ x $\frac{6}{1}$ = $\frac{24}{5}$ = 4 $\mathbf{\frac{4}{5}}$
• Cooking = $\frac{3}{4}$ x 8 = $\frac{3}{4}$ x $\frac{8}{1}$ = $\frac{24}{4}$ = 6
• Cleaning = $\frac{4}{7}$ x 3 = $\frac{4}{7}$ x $\frac{3}{1}$ = $\frac{12}{7}$ = 1 $\mathbf{\frac{5}{7}}$
• Reading = $\frac{6}{9}$ x 4 = $\frac{6}{9}$ x $\frac{4}{1}$ = $\frac{24}{9}$ = 2 $\frac{6}{9}$ = 2 $\mathbf{\frac{2}{3}}$
• ### Can you figure out how long Axel and Tank want to bike for now?

Hints

You are trying to solve $\frac{2}{3}$ x 3.

When multiplying a fraction by a whole number, what can we do to the whole number to make it easier to solve?

Can you simplify the fraction you are left with?

Solution

Here is the completed expression:

• We can change 3 into $\frac{3}{1}$
• $\frac{2}{3}$ x $\frac{3}{1}$ = $\frac{6}{3}$
• $\frac{6}{3}$ can be simplified to 2.
• The correct answer is 2 hours.
• ### Can you check the multiplication equations?

Hints

When we make the whole number into a fraction, the denominator is always...?

Have the answers been simplified correctly?

Solution

These are the parts that should have been highlighted.

The equations written correctly are:

1. $\frac{6}{7}$ x 5 = $\frac{6}{7}$ x $\mathbf{\frac{5}{1}}$ = $\frac{30}{7}$ = 4 $\frac{2}{7}$
2. $\frac{5}{8}$ x 9 = $\frac{5}{8}$ x $\frac{9}{1}$ = $\mathbf{\frac{45}{8}}$ = 5 $\frac{5}{8}$
3. $\frac{4}{6}$ x 8 = $\frac{4}{6}$ x $\frac{8}{1}$ = $\frac{32}{6}$ = 5
4. $\frac{6}{12}$ x 3 = $\frac{6}{12}$ x $\frac{3}{1}$ = $\mathbf{\frac{18}{12}}$ = 1 $\frac{1}{2}$