Radical Expressions / Equations
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Content
 Introduction
 Simplifying Radical Expressions
 Solving Radical Equations
 Adding Radical Expressions
 Subtracting Radical Expressions
 Multiplying Radical Eqxpression
 Dividing Radical Expressions
 Distance Formula
 Midpoint Formula
Introduction
A radical expression is any expression that contains a radical symbol. Radical symbols are use to find the square roots, cubic root, and higher.
Simplifying Radical Expressions
To make simplifying radical expressions easier, learn the radical properties. Remember, numbers under the radical may not be less than zero because the squared, cubed, and higher roots of negative numbers are not real numbers.
Product Property of Radicals: $\sqrt{x} \times \sqrt{y}=\sqrt{xy}$
Quotient Property of Radicals: $\sqrt{\frac{x}{y}} =\frac{\sqrt{x}}{\sqrt{y}}$
To make radical properties easier to understand, substitute perfect squares for the variables in the properties.
$\begin{align} \sqrt{16}\times \sqrt{81}&= \sqrt{16\times81}\\ 4 \times9&= \sqrt{196}\\ 36&=36 \end{align}$
$\begin{align} \sqrt{\frac{16}{4}} &=\frac{\sqrt{16}}{\sqrt{4}}\\ \sqrt{4}&=\frac{4}{2}\\ 2&=2 \end{align}$
Radicals are not allowed in the denominator of fractions. To undo the radical, rationalize the denominator.
$\sqrt{\frac{x}{y}} =\frac{\sqrt{x}}{\sqrt{y}}=\frac{\sqrt{x}}{\sqrt{y}}\times\frac{\sqrt{y}}{\sqrt{y}} =\frac{\sqrt{xy}}{\sqrt{y^{2}}}=\frac{\sqrt{xy}}{y}$
When you rationalize the denominator, the radical cancels out.
$\frac{3}{\sqrt{5}} =\frac{3}{\sqrt{5}}\times\frac{\sqrt{5}}{\sqrt{5}} =\frac{3\sqrt{5}}{\sqrt{5^{2}}}=\frac{3\sqrt{5}}{5}$
Solving Radical Equations
Just like exponents, you can add, subtract, multiply, and divide expressions containing radicals to calculate solutions.
Adding Radical Expressions
To add expressions, if possible, simplify to remove the radical.
This expression is the sum of perfect squares. Simplify each perfect square then sum.
$\sqrt{36} + \sqrt{25} = 6 + 5 = 11$
Subtracting Radical Expressions
If you can’t remove the radical, write the difference as a radical expression.
$\sqrt{64}\sqrt{24}=8\sqrt{4\times6}= 8\sqrt{4}\times\sqrt{6}=82\sqrt{6}$
Multiplying Radical Eqxpression
Remember to use the product rule when multiplying radical expressions.
For this problem, the product contains a radical. Use your calculator to determine the decimal answer, if needed.
$\sqrt{9}\times\sqrt{16}\times\sqrt{30}=3\times 4\times\sqrt{30}=12\times\sqrt{30}=12\sqrt{30}=65.73$
Dividing Radical Expressions
When simplifying expressions, apply the quotient rule.
This problem is the quotient of two perfect squares.
$\sqrt{\frac{9}{16}}=\frac{\sqrt{9}}{\sqrt{16}}=\frac{3}{4}$
Distance Formula
To find the distance between two points on a graph, we use the distance formula.
Distance Formula
$d=\sqrt{\left( x_2x_1\right) ^{2}+\left( y_2y_1\right) ^{2}}$
Find the distance of the two points shown on the graph.
Use the distance formula to solve. Apply what you know about exponents and radicals to determine the answer.
$\begin{align} d&=\sqrt{ \left(3 2\right)^{2}+\left(6 4\right)^{2}}\\ d&=\sqrt{ \left(1\right)^{2}+\left(2\right)^{2}}\\ d&=\sqrt{ 1 +4}\\ d&=\sqrt{5} \end{align}$
The distance between the two points is equal to $\sqrt{5}.
Midpoint Formula
The midpoint formula is used to find the exact midpoint between two points on a graph.
Midpoint Formula
$\left(\frac{x_1+x_2}{2},\frac{y_1 +y_2}{2}\right)$
Find the midpoint of the two points shown on the graph above, $(2,4)$ and $(3, 6)$
When you enter the x and yvalues into the equation, be careful not to mix up the numbers.
$\left(\frac{2+3}{2},\frac{4 +6}{2}\right)=\left(\frac{5}{2},\frac{10}{2}\right)=\left(2.5,5\right)$
The midpoint is at $(2.5, 5)$
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Radical Expressions / Equations (8 videos)
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Worksheets on the topic
Radical Expressions / Equations (8 worksheets)

Simplifying Radical Expressions
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Solving Radical Equations
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Rationalize the Denominator
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The Distance Formula
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The Midpoint Formula
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Adding and Subtracting Radical Expressions
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Multiplying Radical Expressions
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Dividing Radical Expressions
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