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Pronoun Verb Agreement

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Pronoun Verb Agreement
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.3.1F

Basics on the topic Pronoun Verb Agreement

Subject-Verb Agreement and Pronoun-Verb Agreement – Introduction

Subject-verb agreement and pronoun-verb agreement are two closely related grammar topics. They help make sure that verbs match their partners – the subjects or pronouns – in a sentence. It's all about getting the words to work together correctly! Let’s learn more about subject-verb agreements and pronoun-verb agreement and practice your understanding of this grammar topic.

Subject-Verb Agreement – Definition

Every sentence needs a subject (the person or thing that is doing something) and a verb (the action word).

The subject of a sentence needs to agree with the verb in number. We call this subject-verb agreement.

That means that if there’s just one subject – what we call a singular subject – the verb is singular. If the subject is plural (meaning that there’s more than one subject), the verb is plural.

Pronoun-Verb Agreement – Definition

It’s important that the subject “agrees” with the verb in a sentence. We use the same rule for pronouns and verbs. A pronoun is a word we use instead of a noun or a name. For example, we can use the pronoun he instead of the name Pip, the pronoun she instead of the name Koko, or the pronoun they instead of Koko and Pip.

If we use a pronoun for the subject of a sentence, it must agree with the verb. So we use singular verbs for singular pronouns and plural verbs for plural pronouns. This is called pronoun-verb agreement.

Distinguishing Pronoun- and Subject-Verb Agreements

The subject of a sentence can be expressed with a name, a noun or a pronoun. As the chart below shows, these three kinds of words can all be used for the same subject.

Subject Verb Object
Name: Koko kicks the ball.
Noun: The koala kicks the ball.
Pronoun: She kicks the ball.

So a pronoun can be used for the subject of a sentence, and the verb needs to agree with it in the same way as when a noun or a name is used for the subject.

The Function of Pronoun- and Subject-Verb Agreements

A subject-verb agreement and pronoun-verb agreement is important for expressing ourselves comprehensively and correctly. These agreements work together to make our language more effective, making it apparent who is doing the action.

Pronoun- and Subject-Verb Agreement – Rules

Subject-verb agreement and pronoun-verb agreement follow rules to make sentences grammatically correct.

The most important rule is that the verb must match the subject in number and person.

For singular subjects, you use a singular verb like is or goes, while plural subjects require plural verbs like are or go. In pronoun-verb agreement, the same rules apply to the pronouns that replace nouns or names. Singular pronouns such as he or she are used with singular verbs, and plural pronouns like they are paired with plural verbs. Following these rules ensures that sentences make sense and sound right, making communication clear and precise.

Pronoun- and Subject-Verb Agreement – Examples

Let’s look at some sentences to get some practice.

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Pip stands on the table. In this sentence, Pip is the subject. There’s only one of him, so the subject is singular. For subjects that are a he, she or an it, we add an -s or -es to regular present-tense verbs. When we do this, the subject agrees with the verb.

He stands on the table. Here we’ve used the pronoun he instead of the name of the subject. And look … we still have an -s at the end of the verb … because pronouns also have to agree with verbs.

Koko has a flower on her head. In this sentence, Koko is the subject. The form has of the verb to have is used for a third person singular subject.

She has a flower on her head. In this version of the sentence, we’ve used the pronoun she instead of Koko’s name. The verb stays the same: It agrees with the pronoun she.

Koko and Pip look at the safe. Now we have two subjects in our sentence: Koko and Pip. We call that a plural subject. We don’t have an -s at the end of the verb now, because we don’t need it for plural subjects.

They look at the safe. If we use the plural pronoun they instead of the names Koko and Pip, the verb also has to agree with the subject.

Pronoun- and Subject-Verb Agreement – Common Mistakes

Most pronoun- and subject-verb agreement errors and mistakes happen when the speaker or writer isn’t sure whether the subject is singular or plural. Here’s how to avoid them.

Check how many subjects there are. If there are two subjects joined by and, it can be easy to forget the first subject. Look at the following false sentence.

❌ She and Pip goes to the pool every day.

If you just look at the subject Pip, you might think that you need the verb goes here. But because there are two subjects – she and Pip – you need a verb that agrees with a plural subject: go.

✅ She and Pip go to the pool every day.

Inverted sentences In an inverted sentence, the subject comes after the verb. Pronoun and subject-verb agreement in inverted sentences makes a little more detective work because the subject isn’t at the beginning of the sentence. To find the subject, first look for the verb and then find out who or what the verb is for. In the following sentences, Koko and Pip are the subjects. Their names can also be replaced by the pronoun they. In both cases, we use the plural form of the verb. The same rules apply as with non-inverted sentences.

Not only do Koko and Pip love to play checkers, but they always win. Not once have they lost a game.

Collective nouns Words like family, team and class are collective nouns. They’re used to talk about a group of people or things. However, even though there can be many people or things in the group, we use singular pronouns and plurals for them. We treat them like one thing. Here are some examples.

❌ Our class are very noisy. They’re really big.

✅ Our class is very noisy. It’s really big.

❌ That team are great. They won every game.

✅ That team is great. It won every game.

Subject-Verb Agreements and Pronoun-Verb Agreements – Summary

Subject-verb agreement is about making sure words in a sentence work together correctly. When we talk or write, we need to make sure the action word (the verb) matches the person or thing doing the action (the subject). We have to use words that fit together properly, so our sentences sound right. Pronoun-verb agreement is similar, but it's about using pronouns like he, she and they instead of using the same names or nouns every time. Just like with other types of words used for subjects, pronouns need matching verbs. It's all about keeping our sentences clear and sounding good.

Pronoun- and Subject-Verb Agreement Anchor Chart

Here’s an anchor chart to help you remember what you’ve learned about pronoun- and subject verb agreement!

Number of subjects Singular or Plural? Example with subject Example with Pronoun
One Singular Koko loves leaves. She loves leaves.
Two or more Plural Koko and Pip tell a lot of jokes They tell a lot of jokes.

Transcript Pronoun Verb Agreement

Koko and Pip have received a new piece of artwork! To unlock the safe, they will need to use the correct pronoun verb agreement. You may remember that the subject verb agreement means that if a subject is singular, (...) the verb must be singular, too. The subject and verb must agree! This is usually done by adding -s or -es to present tense regular verbs. The pronoun verb agreement works very much like the subject verb agreement! With pronoun verb agreements, the pronoun must agree with the noun they replace and the verb. Let's look at some pronoun verb agreement rules. If the subject is singular, then the pronoun is singular and we use he, she, or it. Then we add an -s or -es to the end of most regular present tense verbs. For example, in David runs every day, the subject David is the noun. The singular pronoun he would take the place of David, and the verb runs ends in an -s as a result. He runs every day. Let's help Koko and Pip crack the first safe code; it blank a lot, would the blank be beep, or beeps? It would be beeps, because the subject is it, a singular pronoun. Here is the next pronoun verb agreement rule: If the subject is I, you, we, or they, do not add -s or -es to the end of most regular present tense verbs. You might notice I and you are singular pronouns; these follow the same rule for plural pronouns. In the sentence Charlie and Mollie eat vegetables, there are two subjects, so we would replace Charlie and Mollie with the pronoun, they. The verb, eat, stays the same because they is a plural pronoun. We would say; they eat vegetables. Koko and Pip have another safe code for you to crack; we blank on the track, is the correct verb sprints, or sprint? The subject is we, so it would be sprint. Here is the final safe code; I blank to the store. Is the correct verb walk or walks? The correct verb is walk, because I follows the same rule as plural pronouns! I walk to the store is the correct sentence. While Koko and Pip get the new artwork out of the safe, let's review! Remember, the pronoun verb agreement states that the pronoun must agree with the noun they replace and the verb. If the subject is he, she, or it, we add an -s or -es to the present tense verb. If the subject is I, we, you, or they, do not add -s or -es to the present tense verb. "Oh my gosh! I love it! I love it!" "Hmm, yes. It's a rather unique piece of art, Pip!"

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  1. What is pip love thing?

    From Yeet boy, about 2 months ago

Pronoun Verb Agreement exercise

Would you like to apply the knowledge you’ve learned? You can review and practice it with the tasks for the video Pronoun Verb Agreement.
  • Separate the singular and plural pronouns.

    Hints

    Pronouns are words we use instead of names or descriptions when talking about nouns.
    Example:
    I, you, he, she, it, we, and they are pronouns.

    A singular pronoun refers to one person, for example: The girl is walking, she is happy. This refers to one girl (singular).

    A plural pronoun refers to more than one person, for example: The children are playing, they are having fun. This refers to more than one child (plural).

    Solution

    SINGULAR PRONOUNS:

    • I
    • you
    • he
    • she
    • it
    These pronouns only refer to one person.

    PLURAL PRONOUNS:

    • we
    • they
    These pronouns refer to more than one person.

  • Pair nouns with pronouns.

    Hints

    Singular means one person, place, or thing. The chair is a singular noun. It is also singular and is the pronoun for chair.
    Example:
    The chair is in the corner.
    It is in the corner.

    Plural means more than one person, place, or thing. Three toys is plural. They is also plural and is the pronoun for three toys.
    Example:
    Three toys are laying all over the floor.
    They are laying all over the floor.

    We is the pronoun for a group with more than one person, with yourself included.
    Example:
    My mom, my dad, and I are going to the beach.
    We are going to the beach.

    Solution
    • Four horses = They
    A group of more than one person, place, or thing
    • My best friends and I = We
    A group with more than one person, with yourself included.
    • My brother = He
    • My mother = She
    • The school = It
  • Do you need to add -s or -es or not?

    Hints

    When using the pronouns he, she, and it, always adds -s or -es to the verb afterward.
    Example: He goes to school. It takes a long time.

    We and they are plural pronouns. When using plural pronouns, do NOT add -s or -es to a verb.
    Example: We like it. They have a lot of time.

    If the pronoun is I or you, even though it is a singular pronoun it does NOT use -s or -es on the verb afterward.
    Example: I know. You eat fast.

    Solution
    • We love broccoli.
    • They like cats.
    • He washes his hair once a week.
    • It looks like it will rain.
    • I read a lot.
    • You brush your teeth twice a day.
    • She walks to school in the morning.
  • Find the mistakes.

    Hints

    When using the pronouns, he, she, and it, always adds -s or -es onto the end of the following verb. Look for these pronouns first to see if the verb has -s or -es.

    When using the pronouns, I, you, we, and they, do not add -s or -es at the end of the following verb.

    There are two sentences with no mistakes and three sentences with incorrect pronoun verb agreement.

    Solution

    INCORRECT SENTENCES:

    • I loves a good graphic novel.
    The pronoun I does not add -s or -es to a verb.
    • We sees eachother every day.
    The pronoun we does not add -s or -es to a verb.
    • You always knows best.
    The pronoun you does not add -s or -es to a verb.
    CORRECT SENTENCES:
    • They go to the movies quite often.
    • It ends up overcooked every time.

  • Choose the correct verbs.

    Hints

    When using the pronouns he, she, and it, always adds -s or -es to the verb afterward.
    Example: He washes his hair. It takes a long time.

    There are two correct choices, and two false choices.

    Solution

    Runs and goes both fit the gap in this sentence.

    • He runs to school Monday through Friday.
    • He goes to school Monday through Friday.
    These verbs need -s or -es at the end, as when we use the pronouns he, she, and it, we always add -s or -es to the verb afterward.

  • Use correct pronoun verb agreement.

    Hints

    The pronouns, he, she, and it are singular and should always have -s or -es added onto the end of the following verb.

    Plural means more than one person, place, or thing. Three toys is plural. They is also plural and is the pronoun for three toys.
    Example: Three toys are laying all over the floor. They are laying all over the floor.

    We is the pronoun for a group with more than one person, with yourself included.
    Example: My best friends and I are going to the beach.
    We are going to the beach.

    Solution
    • My older sister (go) to school by bike.
    She goes to school by bike.
    • My family and I (love) to play board games together.
    We love to play board games together.
    • The students (play) very loudly at recess.
    They play very loudly at recess.
    • The sky (look) like it will rain soon.
    It looks like it will rain soon.