Long and short Vowel sounds

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Long and short Vowel sounds
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Basics on the topic Long and short Vowel sounds

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In This Long and Short Vowels Video

Dee and Kala are visiting Alphabet Farm and notice lots of sounds coming for the vowel pens. As they get closer, they see that one pen is labeled ‘Short’ and the other ‘Long’. But why? In this video on long vowel and short vowel sounds, Dee and Kala get an introduction to vowels.

Learning Long and Short Vowels Sounds

Let’s learn more about long and short vowels in kindergarten and examples of long and short vowels through the following explanation.

Long and Short Vowels for Kindergarten

Vowels are a special set of letters in the alphabet: A, E, I, O, and U. These letters can make two kinds of sounds: long sounds and short sounds.

Long Vowel Sounds

When a vowel is long, it says its alphabet name. It sounds exactly like the name we sing in the A, B, C’s ! When teaching long and short vowels in kindergarten, it is important to practice examples of the vowel sounds. Here are examples of long vowel sounds:

A says ”A” like the word ape.

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E says “E” like the word e-mail.

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I says ”I” like the word ice.

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O says “O” like the word open.

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U says “U” like the word unicorn.

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Short Vowel Sounds

When a vowel is followed by a non-vowel letter it makes a short sound. The vowel does not sound the same as when we say it in the alphabet. The short vowel makes a shorter sound. Here are examples of short vowel sounds:

A says “ah” like the word add.

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E says “eh” like the word egg.

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I says”ĭh” like the word igloo.

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O says “oh” like the world olive.

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U says “uh” like the word umbrella.

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There are many words that have short and long vowels in english. These are just a few examples of the first sounds vowels can make.

Identify Short and Long Vowels

Now we know the difference between long and short vowels, we can practice on one syllable words with long and short vowels.

We can practice with the word: ate. Is there a long A or a short one in the word ate? Remember a long A will say it's name, A, like ape. A short A will say “ah” like add. Since the A says its name in the word ate, it is a long vowel!

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Summary: Long Vowels and Short Vowels

  • Vowels are a special set of letters in the alphabet: A, E, I, O, and U.

  • They can make two kinds of sounds: long and short.

  • Long vowel sounds happen when the vowel says its alphabet name.

  • Short vowel sounds do not sound like the letter's name, they sound shorter.

Practice with Short and Long Vowels Examples

Have you practiced long and short vowels yet? On this website, you can also find long and short vowels worksheets and exercises.

Transcript Long and short Vowel sounds

Dee and Kala took a visit to Alphabet Farm. They notice lots of sounds coming from the vowel pens. There are two pens, one labeled "long" and one labeld "short". What could this mean, they wonder. Let's help Dee and Kala by learning all about "Long and Short Vowel Sounds". Vowels are a special set of letters in the alphabet: A, E, I, O, U. These letters can make two types of sounds: long and short. When a vowel is long, it says its alphabet name. It sounds exactly like the name we sing in the ABCs! Let's practice the long vowel sounds together! A says A like ape. A, ape, A. E says E like e-mail. E, e-mail, E. I says I like ice. I, ice, I. O says O like open. O, open, O. U says U like unicorn. U, unicorn, U. When a vowel is followed by a non-vowel letter it makes a short sound. It does not sound the same as when we say it in the alphabet. The short vowel makes a shorter sound. Let's practice the short vowel sounds together! A says /ă/ like add. A, add, /ă/. E says /ĕ/ like egg. E, egg, /ĕ/. I says /ĭ/ like igloo. I, igloo, /ĭ/. O says /ǒ/ like olive. O, olive, /ǒ/. U says /ŭ/ like umbrella. U, umbrella, /ŭ/. Now that we know the difference between long and short vowel sounds, let's practice with some of the words Dee and Kala hear! The first word we hear is ‘ate’. Can you help Dee and Kala decide whether we hear a long A or a short one? Remember a long A will say its name, A, like ape. A short A will say /ă/ like add. Do we hear the A sound or the /ă/ sound in the word ate? We hear the sound A in ate, so it is a long vowel! Finally, we hear the word otter. Do we hear a long O or a short O? Remember a long O will say its name, O, like open. A short O will say /ǒ/ like olive. Do we hear the O sound or the /ǒ/ sound in the word otter? We hear the sound /ǒ/ in otter, so it is a short vowel! Before we see what Dee and Kala have been up to on the farm, let's remember! Today we learned about long and short vowel sounds. Vowels are a special set of letters in the alphabet: A, E, I, O, and U. They can make two types of sounds: long and short. Long vowel sounds happen when the vowel says its alphabet name. Short vowel sounds do not sound like the letter's name, they sound shorter. "That was a fun visit, Kala! "Agreed, I'm glad we even got to buy some E, eggs, /ĕ/ from the stand before we left."