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Determining the Meaning of Key Words and Phrases in Non-Fiction

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Determining the Meaning of Key Words and Phrases in Non-Fiction
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.3.4D

Transcript Determining the Meaning of Key Words and Phrases in Non-Fiction

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Determining the Meaning of Key Words and Phrases in Non-Fiction "Pip, we made it! I can't wait to see the wizards! But do you think there are sharks, or what about a Loch Ness Monster? Did you check the weather? What on earth did you do with the sunscreen!?" "Koko, take a deep breath. It's called CRATER Lake so I doubt there are any sharks or monsters... but actually, let's check this guide before our trip to Wizard Island to be sure." Koko and Pip are reading a guide about Crater Lake before their boat ride to Wizard Island. It looks like there are some words in the text they don't know! They can use the glossary, which is a non fiction text feature that has words and their definitions. Typically, a glossary is found at the END of a book, report, or other written document. Sometimes, a nonfiction text will also include the meaning of these words in a FOOTNOTE, which is a section at the bottom of the page. These provide readers with a quick and easy reference to the unfamiliar or specialized vocabulary; special words that are specific to a particular topic or subject used in the text. But how do we know what words are included in a glossary? They are usually indicated within the text of the book by bolding or italicizing them. This signals to the reader that these words are defined in the glossary. Let's take a look at Pip and Koko''s text about Crater Lake: Crater Lake is a breathtaking natural wonder located in Oregon. The lake was formed over seven thousand years ago when a volcano, Mount Mazama , collapsed and created a massive crater that eventually filled with water. Wizard Island, a volcanic cinder cone that rises up from the lake's surface, can be seen from many viewpoints around the lake. The surrounding area is home to a variety of wildlife, including black bears, cougars, and bald eagles. Here, we see the words 'crater' and 'cinder cone' are bold, and there is a footnote with the definitions. It says, 'cinder cone, a steep, cone-shaped hill made up of volcanic rocks like ash, cinders, and other debris that is often created during explosive volcanic eruptions,' and, crater, a large, bowl-shaped hole in the ground that is usually formed by a meteorite or volcanic eruption.' Notice that 'cinder cone' is listed first, because in a glossary and in the footnotes, words are always listed in alphabetical order. Remember, (...) A glossary is a nonfiction text feature that has words and their definitions usually found at the end of a nonfiction text. When a word is bolded or italicized in the main text, it signals to the reader that the word is defined in the glossary. Sometimes, a nonfiction text will also include the meaning of these words in a footnote, which is a section at the bottom of the page. "That was nice, but I'm super bummed we didn't get to see any wizards." "You're a wizard, Koko." [shocked "I'm a WHAT!?"

Determining the Meaning of Key Words and Phrases in Non-Fiction exercise

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  • What is the purpose of a glossary in a non-fiction text?

    Hints

    A glossary serves as a reference section in a nonfiction text.

    The purpose of a glossary is to enhance the reader's understanding of the text.

    Solution

    The purpose of a glossary in a non-fiction text is to define and explain unfamiliar words used in the text.

  • How are words that are included in a glossary typically indicated within the main text?

    Hints

    Glossary words have a special look in the text.

    The main text may provide a visual guide to the reader, signaling that certain words have corresponding definitions in the glossary.

    What do you notice about the way that cinder cone is written here?

    Solution

    Words that are included in a glossary are typically indicated within the main text by using bold or italic formatting.

  • In the glossary, why is "cinder cone" listed before "crater"?

    Hints

    Consider the alphabetical sequence of words when trying to understand their order in the glossary.

    It helps readers quickly locate the definition of a specific word without having to read through the entire glossary.

    Solution

    Cinder cone is listed before crater because words in a glossary are always listed in alphabetical order. In the alphabet, the letter "C" comes before the letter "R."

    Since both cinder and crater start with C, we look at the next letter to decide which comes first.

    So, cinder comes before crater because i comes before r in the alphabet.

  • What is a footnote, and where is it usually located in a nonfiction text?

    Hints

    A footnote is a piece of additional information or an explanation located at a specific part of a page.

    It is usually found at the bottom of the same page where the reference mark or asterisk appears in the main text.

    Solution

    A footnote is additional information at the bottom of the page.

  • Why might it be helpful to use a glossary?

    Hints

    Imagine the glossary as a detective tool that helps you uncover the meanings of unfamiliar or tricky words.

    Use the glossary when you encounter words you don't know.

    It's like a special dictionary just for the important words in the book.

    Solution

    It might be helpful to use a glossary in order to discover the meanings of new or tricky words.

  • Identify two methods authors use in nonfiction texts to help readers understand unfamiliar words.

    Hints

    Think about where you might go at the end of the book if you want to find definitions for unfamiliar words.

    Pay attention to how words look in the main text. If they stand out with bolding or italicizing, it could be a clue to find their meanings in a specific section.

    Solution

    A glossary is a nonfiction text feature that has words and their definitions usually found at the end of a nonfiction text.

    When a word is bolded or italicized in the main text, it signals to the reader that the word is defined in the glossary.

    Sometimes, a nonfiction text will also include the meaning of these words in a footnote, which is a section at the bottom of the page.