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Analog Clock: Hour and Minute Hand

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Basics on the topic Analog Clock: Hour and Minute Hand

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How to read an analog clock

Zuri and Freddie are playing in a local talent show at the park! However, they need to fix their piano and practice in time before the concert starts. Zuri and Freddie learn about analog clocks vs. digital clocks and their features. Below we’ll explore more on how you can use what you know about time and reading an analog clock.

What is an analog clock?

An analog clock is a clock that is usually circular and displays the time using moving arrows and numbers from one to twelve.

On an analog clock there are three arrows. The hour, minute, and second hand.

The hour hand is the shortest arrow, you might remember this because the word hour is short.

The minute hand is the longer arrow on the clock. You might remember this because the word minute is longer than the word hour.

The second hand is the thinnest arrow on the clock. It also is constantly moving to show every second.

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Analog face

The front of the analog clock is called the face, this is where the arrows are. As the arrows move, they go around the clock in a specific direction called clockwise.

When the second hand moves all the way around the clock, one minute has passed.

When the minute hand moves all the way around the clock, one hour has passed.

When the hour hand moves from one number to the next, one hour has also passed.

Analog Clock Hands - Example

Below is an example of an analog clock with the time that Zuri and Freddie are practicing for the talent show. Can you tell which arrow is which?

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Start by finding the hour, remember it’s the shortest arrow. What number is the hour hand pointing to?

The hour hand is pointing to the number four.

Next find the minute arrow, remember it’s longer than the hour hand. What number is the minute hand pointing to?

The minute hand is pointing to the number six.

Analog clock Time – Summary

Remember when learning analog clock...

  • The hour hand is the shortest arrow on the clock.

  • The minute hand is longer than the hour hand.

*The second hand is the thinnest arrow, and is constantly moving.

  • Each arrow moves in a direction called clockwise

Analog Clock Definition

An analog clock is a clock that is usually circular and displays the time using moving arrows and numbers from one to twelve.

Analog Clock – Additional Practice

At the end of the video, there are exercises for continued practice of parts of an analog clock as well as an analog parts worksheets.

Transcript Analog Clock: Hour and Minute Hand

: "That was Señor and the Snails and speaking of talent, guys, gals, non-binary pals, tonight is the talent show at the park!" : "Bring your talent and meet us by the fountain to show us what you've got!" : "The talent show is today!" : "Relax Freddie, we've got all day to practice (...) and you fixed the piano, right?" : "Uh oh(...)I thought YOU fixed the piano." Let's make sure Freddie and Zuri can fix the piano in time by using their analog clock. : "Analog Clock: Hour, Minute, and Second Hand" There are many different types of clocks and ways to tell time. You might already know that digital clocks show time with digits. Analog clocks show time with moving hands, or arrows. Let's see what Zuri and Freddie need to know using an Analog Clock. On an analog clock there are THREE arrows, the hour, (...) minute, (...) and second hand. Let's take a look at the shortest arrow. This arrow is called the hour hand. You can remember the hour hand because it is the short arrow, (...) and 'hour' is a short word. The longer arrow is called the minute hand. You might remember this because 'minute' is a longer word than 'hour'. Finally we have the second hand, which is the thinnest arrow on an analog clock. You might remember the second hand because it is constantly moving to show every second. As the arrows move, they go around the clock in a specific direction called clockwise. When the SECOND hand moves all the way around the clock, one minute has passed... and when the MINUTE hand moves all the way around the clock, one hour has passed. However when the HOUR hand moves to the next number written on the clock, one hour has passed. Take a look at this clock, can you tell which arrows are which? Which is the hour hand? (...) Remember the hour hand is the shortest arrow on the clock. The hour hand is pointing to the number four. Which is the minute hand? (...) Remember that the minute hand is the longer arrow on the clock. The minute hand is pointing to the number twelve. Which is the second hand? (...) Remember the second hand is the longest and fastest arrow on the clock. The second hand is pointing to the number eleven. What about this clock? Can you tell the arrows apart? Which number is the hour hand pointing to? (...) it's pointing to the number eight. Which number is the minute hand pointing to? (...) it's pointing to the number two. Which number is the second hand pointing to? (...) it's pointing to the number ten. Before we check on Zuri and Freddie and their piano, let's summarize. Today we learned about analog clocks and their hands. Remember, the HOUR hand is the shortest arrow on the clock, the word 'hour' is also short. The MINUTE hand is longer than the hour hand, just like the word minute is longer than the word hour. The SECOND hand is the longest hand on the clock, and is also constantly moving. Finally, we learned that each arrow moves in a direction called clockwise. Now, let's check in with Zuri and Freddie. : "Psst, Zuri, what are you doing? I'M the one singing and you're playing piano." : "No way, I don't know how to play piano, YOU play!" : "Zuri, I don't know how to play piano either..." : "I guess we'll just sing together!"

Analog Clock: Hour and Minute Hand exercise

Would you like to apply the knowledge you’ve learned? You can review and practice it with the tasks for the video Analog Clock: Hour and Minute Hand.
  • Label the Parts of the Clock.

    Hints

    You can remember the hour hand is the shortest because hour is a shorter word.

    You can remember the minute hand is the longer hand because minute is a longer word.

    The seconds hand is the thinnest hand.

    Solution

    $ $

  • Which number is each hand pointing to?

    Hints

    You can remember the hour hand is the shortest because hour is a shorter word.

    You can remember the minute hand is the longer hand because minute is a longer word.

    The seconds hand is the thinnest hand.

    Solution

    The hour hand is pointing to 2.

    The minute hand is pointing to 1.

    The seconds hand is pointing to 8.

  • Features of the analog clock.

    Hints

    Here is a picture of a clock to help you.

    Here is a picture of a clock with labels to help you.

    Solution

    Analog clocks show time with moving hands. There are 3 hands on the clock.

    The hour hand is the shortest. The minute hand is longer. The seconds hand is the thinnest hand that is constantly moving around the clock.

    The hands move around the clock in a clockwise direction.

  • Moving around the clock.

    Hints

    How many minutes have passed in 60 seconds?

    How many hours have passed in 60 minutes?

    How much time has passed when the hour hand moves to the next number written on the clock?

    Solution

    One minute has passed when:

    • seconds hand moves around 1 time
    One hour has passed when:
    • hour hand moves to next number
    • minute hand moves around 1 time
    • seconds hand moves around 60 times

  • Which way do the hands move around the clock?

    Hints

    Imagine which way the hands move around the clock.

    The hands move around the clock to the right.

    Two answers are correct.

    Solution

    The hands move around the clock in a clockwise direction to the right.

  • Help Zuri and Freddie read the clock.

    Hints

    You can remember the hour hand is shorter because hour is a shorter word.
    You can remember the minute hand is longer because minute is a longer word.
    The seconds hand is the thinnest hand.

    This time is 4:30:15

    When writing the time, the hour comes first, then the minute, and last comes the seconds.

    Solution

    The time is 9:30:55.

    • The hour hand is between 9 and 10, but we read it as 9.
    • The minute hand is on 6, which is 30 minutes.
    • The seconds hand is on 11, which is 55 seconds.