Closely Related Verbs
Transcript Closely Related Verbs
"Pip, tell Bertha the story!" "We’re sitting by the campfire telling stories, just like this, when I see something in the bushes. I say to Koko that we must run to the car! But, she doesn’t believe me and says I’m just making up stories again.” "Hmmm, that doesn't sound quite right." Let's improve Pip's storytelling by looking at... Closely Related Verbs. Synonyms are words that are closely related in meaning, but they have little differences between them. A verb, or action word, can also have synonyms! Weaker or stronger verbs can help us show what we want to explain. The differences between the weaker and stronger verbs are called “shades of meaning." This is because some words may be more powerful than the others when describing actions. Let's look at some examples of shades of meaning using verbs from Pip's story. Pip says he sees something in the bushes. "Spot" and "notice" are all synonyms for "see." Even though these verbs are all closely related to the same action, let’s think about putting them in order from weakest action to strongest. "See", is the weakest verb, since it is just a general way of describing the action that is used most often. The next verb is "notice." When we notice something, we see it, and it gets our attention. "Spot" would be the strongest verb because it means you see something that isn't easy to find. Let's look at another example. Next, Pip says something to Koko. "Mumble" and "whisper" are synonyms for "say." Think about these actions. "Whisper," "say," and "mumble." Which is the weakest action? Mumble. If we mumble, then our words are so soft that others may not hear them. Which action would come next? "Whisper," because whispering is talking softly but loud enough for others to hear. And “say” would be the strongest action in this group because it means to speak in a normal voice. Although "say" is the strongest verb, it doesn't mean we always choose it. Sometimes we may need to choose a weaker action to match the situation. Here's one to try on our own. Pip tells Koko to run to the car. "Rush," "sprint," and “hurry” are all synonyms used to describe running. Put these closely related verbs in order from weakest to strongest. Press pause if you need more time, and press play when you are ready. "Hurry" would be the weakest action because "hurry" means to move quickly but not necessarily run. The next verb would be "rush,” because it describes the action of moving at a fast pace. “Run ” would be next quickest action. And “sprint” would be the strongest action. When we sprint, we are running at full speed. While Pip gets ready to retell the story, let's review. Remember… Verbs can have synonyms to describe an action. We can use weaker or stronger verbs to help show what we want to explain. The differences between the weaker and stronger verbs is called “shades of meaning." This is because some words may be more powerful than the others when describing actions. The story will determine whether you use weaker or stronger shades of meaning for verbs! "We’re sitting by the campfire telling stories, just like this, when I spot something in the bushes. I WHISPER to Koko that we must SPRINT to the car! "But she doesn’t believe me and says I’m just making up stories.” "Better, but I still don't believe you." "I spy something in the bushes, and we need to bolt to the car!"
Closely Related Verbs exercise
What are synonyms?Hints
Synonyms are words that are different but have similar meanings.
Shout and yell are examples of synonyms.Solution
Two synonyms for the word break are wreck and smash because they have very similar meanings, but are slightly different.
Which words are synonyms?Hints
Synonyms are words that have similar meanings.
Hop and jump are examples of synonyms.Solution
These words are synonyms because they have similar meanings to each other, but have small differences between them. Running and jogging are similar actions but mean slightly different things.
- run and jog
- request and ask
- build and make
- toss and throw
How does knowing about shades of meaning help improve your storytelling?Hints
You can choose which verbs are more powerful so your story is more detailed.
You could change the word "see" in a story to the word "spot" to make it easier to understand.
Knowing about shades of meaning does not make stories longer.Solution
Using weaker or stronger verbs helps you to better describe what you want to say in the story.
Shades of meaning helps you understand which verbs are more powerful to use in the story to describe the action.
Which verbs have the weakest and strongest action?Hints
Which verb is the most general way to describe the action? Put that verb in the weakest spot.
Fall means to move downward.
Plummet means to fall or drop down at a high speed.
Collapse means to fall down or give in.Solution
fall, drop, collapse, plummet
Fall has the weakest action because it is the most general way to describe the action. Plummet is the strongest action because it is the action with the most force.
What is a synonym?Hints
Hop and jump are synonyms.
Shout and whisper are not synonyms.Solution
Synonyms are words that are closely related in meaning, but have little differences between them.
Synonyms are words that have similar meaning, but have small differences.
Find the right verbs for each situation.Hints
Which verb has the strongest action related to raining?
Pouring means it is raining really hard.
Request means to politely ask for something.
Beg means to persistently ask for something that you really want.
Which verb is the weakest action the bunny would take?Solution
Today it is pouring. The weather is very bad and the rain is coming down really hard. You definitely need to bring an umbrella and raincoat to school. Without an umbrella or raincoat you will be soaked!
- Pouring is the correct verb for this sentence because it shows the strongest action and it is raining so hard you shouldn't go outside without an umbrella and raincoat.
- Beg is the correct answer because they really wanted a toy and had to work hard to ask their parents for it.
- Hop is the right verb for this situation because it is the weakest action and the bunny is only making a small movement over a flower in her way.