Solving Percent Equations 03:08 minutes
Transcript Solving Percent Equations
Richard the mage has fallen head over heals for the beautiful princess, Ms. Morgaine. He's madly in love, but she doesn't like him one bit. He wants to make his greatgrandmother's love potion number 9 to make the princess fall in love with him forever.
To brew potion number 9, he needs to calculate a few percent equations, as percents are part of the recipe. To make 200 ml of the potion, which is one full dose, he'll need to mix these ingredients:
 20% honey
 ½ of a bat wing
 50 teardrops of love
 17.5% unicorn horn extract
Percent Equation Example 1
Some of these are listed as percentages of the full 200 ml potion. In particular, the honey and unicorn horn extract. How can he figure out how much of each ingredient he must use?
So if honey makes up 20% of the whole potion, we must find 20% of 200ml. We can use the formula, part over whole equals percent over 100, to start answering this question.
For the amount of honey, which is unknown, we use x. Now let's substitute: 20 percent of the love potion is honey, so we'll substitute percent with 20. And since 200ml is the full amount of the potion, we substitute 200 for the whole. To find the part, which is our unknown, we can call it x.
We can use cross multiplication to get rid of the denominators. That gives us the equation 100 · x = 20 · 200. We can simplify this to 100x = 4000.
Finally, we can solve for x by dividing both sides by 100. We see that x = 40. So 20% of the full 200ml potion is equal to 40ml of honey. Great, Richard can make the potion now. But wait – one more ingredient is still written in percent: Unicorn horn extract.
Percent Equation Example 2
17.5 percent of 200ml is what we are looking for. Let's use our formula again and subsitute: 17.5% for the percent, 200 for the whole, and x for the unknown part.
Once again we crossmultiply and get 100 · x = 17.5 times 200. We can simplify to 100x = 3500. Now we use opposite operations and divide both sides by 100. Doing so, we find that x = 35.
Therefore, Richard must use 35 ml of unicorn horn extract. Now he can finally make the potion to make the princess fall hopelessly in love with him... when suddenly (pooof)... And, well, Richard can't explain this very well but the racoon has started to look extremely beautiful to him.
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Describe how you can determine the percent of honey.
Tipps
Determine which term is unknown. We know the quantity of love potion as well as the percent values.
Usually we use the letter $x$ for the unknown variable.
Lösung
Richard has fallen in love with Princess Head Over Heals, but she doesn't like him one bit. So, using his grandmother's recipe, he wants to concoct a love potion.
The ingredients for $200~ml$ of love potion are:
 $20~\%$ honey,
 $\frac12$ batwing,
 $50$ teardrops of love and
 $17.5~\%$ horn of a unicorn.
We can use the equation $\frac{\text{part}}{\text{whole}}=\frac{\text{percent}}{100}$.
The whole amount shall be $200~ml$, and he needs $20$ percent of honey. First of all we plug in the known values as well as the variable $x$ for the unknown part and get: $\frac x{200}=\frac{20}{100}$.
We can use cross multiplication:
$100\times x =20\times 200$.
Simplifying leads to
$100x=4000$
and dividing by $100$ (opposite operation of multiplication) gives us the solution: Richard needs $40~ml$ of honey for his potion.

Explain the meaning of percent.
Tipps
$100$ cents equals one dollar.
One cent equals one hundredth of one dollar.
We can write percent as a decimal number: $20~\%=0.20$.
We can write a decimal number as percent by multiplying by $100$ and writing the $\%$ sign behind: $0.175=17.5~\%$.
Lösung
Richard the mage needs $20~\%$ of honey and $17.5~\%$ unicorn horn extract to make the love potion. But what does this mean?
If the love potion is divided into $100$ equal parts then each part will represent one percent. Percent means one over hundred.
In this way $20~\%$ is the same as $20$ parts of the whole. So we have to divide by $100$ and multiply with $20$: $\frac{20}{100}=0.20$. You can also write: $100\times 0.20=20$. This is the number of parts of the potion.
In general we can use the equation $\frac{\text{part}}{\text{whole}}=\frac{\text{percent}}{100}$.

Calculate how much is $17.5~\%$ of $200~ml$.
Tipps
Decide what's the part, the whole, and percent.
The percent is given in the story above.
To make the recipe, we need unicorn horn extract and some other ingredients. Unicorn horn extract is a part of the potion, so it's quantity is a part of the whole quantity.
To cross multiply equal fractions or ratios, multiply the numerator of each side by the denominator of the other side and set the two products equal.
To isolate a variable use opposite operations:
 $+\longleftrightarrow $ and
 $\times \longleftrightarrow \div$.
Lösung
How many $ml$ are in $17.5~\%$ of $200~ml$. This is the quantity of unicorn horn extract Richard needs to make the love potion.
Use the equation $\frac{\text{part}}{\text{whole}}=\frac{\text{percent}}{100}$.
The whole amount is $200~ml$, and the percent is $17.5$. Now we can substitute the part by $x$, the whole by $200$, and the percent by $17.5$ to get the following equation:
$\frac x{200}=\frac{17.5}{100}$.
Cross multiply to get: $100\times x =17.5\times 200$.
Simplifying give us: $100x=3500$.
Now we use the opposite operation of multiplication: division. We divide both sides by $100$ and get the result $x=35$. Richard needs $35~ml$ of unicorn horn extract to make the love potion.

Determine the percentage.
Tipps
Use cross multiplication to solve for unknown quantities or check that the ratios are equal.
Find the percentage by multiplying $\large{\frac{\text{part}}{\text{whole}}}$ by $100$.
Lösung
Using the equation $\frac{\text{part}}{\text{whole}}=\frac{\text{percent}}{100}$.
We can either substitute the given values and transform this equation or transform this equation and substitute afterwards. This time the unknown is the percentage, so we assign the variable $x$ to the unknown value.
Cross multiplying leads to:
$100\times \text{part}=\text{whole}\times x$.
Now we divide by the whole and get:
$x=100 \times \text{part}\div \text{whole}$.
 $10$ parts of $100$ are $100\times 10\div 100=10~\%$.
 $100~ml$ of $400~ml$ are $100 \times 100 \div 400 = 25 ~\%$.
 $360$ miles in respect of $1200$ miles are $100 \times 360 \div 1200=30~\%$.
 $270~ml$ of $600~ml$ are $100 \times 270 \div 600=45~\%$.

Define the whole, the part, and the percentage.
Tipps
The percentage can be $100$ at most.
The whole is the total quantity.
You can recognize percent by the $\%$ sign.
The whole is more than each part.
Lösung
Remember the equation $\frac{\text{part}}{\text{whole}}=\frac{\text{percent}}{100}$.
It's very important to decide which part is the whole, which is the part and finally what the percentage is.
Let's take a look at the new recipe for the love potion.
 The total quantity $300$ is the whole.
 This whole is made up of different ingredients. If these are also given in $ml$ we talk about parts. So $60~ml$ honey is the part.
 We can recognize the percent by the $\%$ sign. So $40~\%$ unicorn horn extract is a percent.
 What is the whole? It's the total amount of $400$.
 And what are the parts? The parts are given in the same unit as the whole: $100~ml$ of bat ear extract and $120~ml$ of unicorn tears.
 You will finde the percentage by looking for the $\%$ sign: $20$ $\%$ of honey and $25$ $\%$ of milk.

Help Richard convert the percentage into $ml$.
Tipps
You can add all the results. The sum is $200$.
The whole is the total quantity of the potion.
Lösung
Oh, all the ingredients are given in percent.
Richard is a little bit helpless. He needs to know exactly how many $ml$ he needs of each ingredient.
Convert the equation:
$\frac{\text{part}}{\text{whole}}=\frac{\text{percent}}{100}$
by cross multiplying:
$100\times x=\text{whole}\times \text{percent}$.
Dividing by $100$ will give Richard the information he needs:
$x=\text{whole}\times \text{percent}\div 100$.
 Dragon eye extract: $200\times 10\div100=20$ $ml$.
 Dragon tears: $200\times 30\div100=60$ $ml$.
 Eagle feather extract: $200\times 20\div100=40$ $ml$.
 Honey: $200\times 40\div100=80$ $ml$.