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How to Measure Grams and Kilograms

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How to Measure Grams and Kilograms
CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.4.MD.A.1

Basics on the topic How to Measure Grams and Kilograms

Content

Zuri and Freddie are scientists for the day. They have their white coats on and are ready to collect data on some marine species. They need our help calculating how much several of them weigh. In order to do that we need to know what are units of mass and how to convert units of mass.

What is Mass?

When we measure mass, we are measuring the amount of matter that makes up an object. What are units of mass? Mass must be measured in units of grams and kilograms.

How Much is a Gram?

A gram is one of the units of measurement for mass. We use grams to measure smaller objects, like a small seashell. One small seashell weighs about one gram. When we write grams, we can abbreviate using the letter ‘g’.

How Much is a Kilogram?

A kilogram is also one of the units of measure for mass. We use kilograms to measure larger objects, such as a pineapple. One pineapple weighs about one kilogram. When we write kilograms, we can abbreviate using the letters ‘kg’.

Now that we know a little more about the units used to measure mass of an object, let’s learn about converting kilograms to grams and converting grams to kilograms.

Converting Units of Mass

Since we know what units of measurement are used for mass, let’s see how we can convert them using a units of mass chart, also known as a ratio table. One kilogram is equal to one thousand grams and one thousand grams is equal to one kilogram.

one-kilogram-equals-one-thousand-grams-units-of-mass_.svg

The table below shows metric units of mass, and how to convert three kilogram into grams. Since one kilogram is equal to one thousand grams, we multiply three kilograms by one thousand to get three thousand grams.

three-kilogram-times-one-thousand-equals-three-thousand-grams-units-of-mass.svg

If we want to convert fourteen thousand grams into kilograms, we solve it by using the inverse, or opposite, operation. Fourteen thousand grams divided by one thousand is fourteen kilograms.

fourteen-thousand-grams-divided-by-one-thousand-equals-fourteen-kilograms-units-of-mass.svg

Mass Units of Measurement and Conversion Summary

What are the units of mass? Mass must be measured in units of weight, such as grams and kilograms. We can convert them using a units of mass chart, also known as a ratio table. We can use a ratio table to convert kilograms to grams and grams to kilograms.

Want some more units of mass practice? You can find examples, worksheets, along with other activities, and exercises.

Transcript How to Measure Grams and Kilograms

Zuri and Freddie are scientists for the day. They have their white coats on and are ready to collect data on some marine species. They need our help calculating how much several of them weigh. Before we start, we need to know "how to measure grams and kilograms". "Matter is anything that has weight or mass and takes up space". When we measure "mass, we are measuring the amount of matter that makes up an object". We measure mass in units called GRAMS and KILOGRAMS. A gram is "a unit used to measure mass". We use grams to measure smaller objects, like a small seashell. When we write grams, we can abbreviate using the letter . A "kilogram is a unit used to measure mass, and is made up of one thousand grams". We use kilograms to measure larger objects, such as this bird, known as a puffin. When we write kilograms, we can abbreviate using the letters . When we measure mass with grams and kilograms we use a tool called a SCALE. There are many different types of scales and you might recognize them from home, (...) school, (...) the doctor's office, (...) or even the produce section at the grocery store. Sometimes we need to convert, or change, KILOGRAMS to GRAMS and GRAMS to KILOGRAMS. One kilogram is equal to one thousand grams (...) and one thousand grams is equal to one kilogram. We can use a ratio table to write our conversions. To set up the ratio table, first label kilograms on one side (...) and grams on the other. One kilogram is ONE THOUSAND TIMES bigger than one gram. That means to convert KILOGRAMS to GRAMS, we multiply by one thousand. Write TIMES ONE THOUSAND next to the kilogram we are converting and solve. One times one thousand is one thousand, so there are one thousand GRAMS in (...) one KILOGRAM. Let's help Zuri and Freddie convert grams and kilograms so they can record how much each marine species weighs. First, they weigh a Galapagos penguin (...) and record three kilograms. How many grams is three kilograms? (...) Remember, one kilogram is one thousand grams, so we multiply three TIMES one thousand. Three times one thousand is (...) three thousand, so there are three thousand GRAMS in (...) three KILOGRAMS. Next, they weigh a sea otter and record fourteen kilograms. How many grams is fourteen kilograms? (...) Fourteen times one thousand is (...) fourteen thousand, so, there are fourteen thousand GRAMS in (...) fourteen KILOGRAMS. Last, they weigh a sea lion and record three hundred thousand grams. This time we need to calculate how many KILOGRAMS are in three hundred thousand GRAMS... by using the INVERSE or OPPOSITE operation. The inverse operation of multiplication is division, so we DIVIDE by one thousand. What is three hundred thousand divided by one-thousand? (...) Three hundred (...) there are three hundred KILOGRAMS in three hundred thousand GRAMS. Wow, sea lions have a lot of mass! Remember (...) A "gram is a unit used to measure mass ". When we write grams, we can abbreviate using the letter . Grams are used to measure smaller objects. A "kilogram is a unit used to measure mass, and is made up of one thousand grams". When we write kilograms, we can abbreviate using the letters . Kilograms are used to measure larger objects. Let's see what Zuri and Freddie are going to do with all the data they've collected! Whoa, that's a big whale! How many kilograms do you think it weighs (...) write your guesses in the comments!

How to Measure Grams and Kilograms exercise

Would you like to apply the knowledge you’ve learned? You can review and practice it with the tasks for the video How to Measure Grams and Kilograms.
  • How much do the animals weigh?

    Hints

    Try to use a conversion table to help you figure out how many grams are in a kilogram.

    We know that there are 1,000 g in a kilogram, so we can find $\frac1 2$ kg by halving 1,000.

    Solution
    • To convert kg into g we multiply by 1,000.
    • The otter is 8 kg. If we multiply this by 1,000 we get 8,000 g.
    • The pelican is 7 kg. If we multiply this by 1,000 we get 7,000 g.
    • The beaver is 11 kg. If we multiply this by 1,000 we get 11,000 g.
    • The water vole is 2 $\mathbf{\frac{1}{2}}$ kg or 2.5 kg. If we multiply this by 1,000 we get 2,500 g.
  • Missing masses.

    Hints

    Remember that to convert from kg to g we multiply by 1,000. So 5 kg = 5,000 g.

    To convert from g to kg we divide by 1,000. So 30,000 g = 30 kg.

    We can find half a kilogram by halving 1,000 because 1 kg = 1,000 g.

    Solution
    • Seashell: $\frac1 2$ kg = 500 g (because 1 kg = 1,000 g and 1,000 $\div$ 2 = 500).
    • Puffin: 1$\frac1 2$ kg = 1,500 g (because 1 kg = 1,000 g, $\frac1 2$ kg = 500 g, 1,000 + 500 = 1,500).
    • Sea Otter: 15 kg = 15,000 g (because 15 x 1,000 = 15,000).
    • Sea Lion: 12,000 g = 12 kg (because 12,000 $\div$ 1,000 = 12.
    • Penguin: 50,000 g = 50 kg (because 50,000 $\div$ 1,000 = 50.
  • Using grams and kilograms.

    Hints

    0.5 is the same as $\frac1 2$ so 0.5 kg means $\frac1 2$ kg.

    Remember that we can convert kg to g by multiplying by 1,000. 3 kg x 1,000 = 3,000 g.

    Solution

    Here are the correct answers. We know that 0.5 is the same as $\frac1 2$.

  • What do the animals weigh together?

    Hints

    Try converting the masses that are in kilograms to grams by multiplying by 1,000. You can move the digits 3 places to the left. For example, 2.630 kg = 2,630 g.

    If the total must be 9 kilograms, this means the total in grams must be 9,000.

    Solution
    • The two animals that total 6 kg are the otter and the duck. 4.2 kg + 1,800 g is the same as 4,200 g + 1,800 g = 6,000 g. 6,000 g = 6 kg.
    • The two animals that total 9 kg are the vole and the beaver. 1,160 g + 7.84 kg is the same as 1,160 g + 7,840 g = 9,000 g. 9,000 g = 9 kg.
    • The two animals that total 10 kg are the pelican and the goose. 3,560 g + 6,440 g = 10,000 g. 10,000 g = 10kg.
  • How much does the animal weigh?

    Hints

    Try making a conversion chart to help you. We know that 1,000 g is equal to 1 kg or 1 kg is equal to 1,000 g.

    To convert grams to kilograms we need to divide by 1,000. 5,000 $\div$ 1,000 = 5.

    To convert kilograms to grams we need to multiply by 1,000. 5 x 1,000 = 5,000.

    Solution
    • The animals that weighs 2 kg is the penguin because 2 kg is equal to 2,000 g.
    • We know this because 1,000 g = 1 kg.
    • We can also multiply by 1,000. 2 x 1,000 = 2,000.
  • Make the scales balance.

    Hints

    Could you convert the kg into g to help you solve the problem?

    If the totals of two boxes must sum 2 kg, take one of the boxes' mass away from the 2 kg.

    The boxes need to balance, so if there are two boxes on one side, their total mass must equal the other side.

    Solution
    • To find the value of the first scale: 2 kg = 2,000 g, so 2,000 - 1,400 = 600 g.
    • To find the value of the second scale: 3 kg = 3,000 g, so 3,000 - 1,850 = 1,150 g.
    • To find the value of the third scale: 2 kg = 2,000 g, so 2,000 - 1,050 = 950 g.
    • To find the value of the fourth scale: 1 kg = 1,000 g, so 1,000 - 460 = 440 g.