# Making Inferences From a Narrative Text

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Making Inferences From a Narrative Text
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.4.1

## Basics on the topicMaking Inferences From a Narrative Text

Let's make inferences from a narrative text with Zayd and Ari!

## Making Inferences From a Narrative Text exercise

Would you like to apply the knowledge you’ve learned? You can review and practice it with the tasks for the video Making Inferences From a Narrative Text.
• ### Use clues to infer information.

Hints

Elora is a wizard. This reminds us that she has the ability to use tricks with magic.

Ari is in the lead and Elora grumbles. This suggests she may not be happy about Ari winning so far.

Elora does not seem happy, but there is no evidence that she is extremely angry or furious either.

There is only 1 correct choice.

Solution

Using the information from the text we know that:

• Ari is beating Elora and Zayd in the game right now
• Elora is a wizard and can use magic
• Elora grumbles unhappily
And we can infer that Elora is not happy and may use her powers.

• ### Pair inferences with evidence.

Hints

Smirking and sneering are unpleasant expressions people make, usually when they feel anger, jealousy, or happiness at someone else's misfortune.

The words another or once again indicate something is happening the same way a second time.

Solution

We can use information in the text to form inferences.

• "'What! The weather has been completely calm!' Zayd yelled" indicating that when the weather is calm, it doesn't make sense for strong gusts of wind to happen randomly.
• "Elora smirked, Elora sneered" shows us that maybe Elora has bad intentions.
• "It's Ari's turn next. As their ball went towards the hole, another gust came surging through, once again pushing the ball into the water" shows us that strange wind happened twice, to both Ari and Zayd.
• "Last, Elora stepped up and smiled as she lightly tapped her ball, scoring a hole-in-one" indicates that no one is interfering with Elora's turn.

• ### Make inferences from the text.

Hints

Think about the text, "Ari quietly raised their hand and a strange light sparkled around it." Is this something that can be done naturally/normally?

Think about the text, "Right after Elora's ball went in, a strong gust of wind pushed it right out of the hole!". Is natural wind normally strong enough to do this?

Think about the text, ""I guess it's just a windy day," Zayd declared. "Yes, how weird," Ari replied."
Remember that Zayd was standing right next to Ari. Does he mention anything he has noticed?

Solution

1) "While Elora was concentrating on her putt, Ari quietly raised their hand and a strange light sparkled around it." From this we can infer that Ari can also use magic.
2) "Right after Elora's ball went in, a strong gust of wind pushed it right out of the hole!" From this we can infer that the wind is not natural.
3) "'I guess it's just a windy day,' Zayd declared. 'Yes, how weird,' Ari replied." From this we can infer that Zayd will not tell Elora Ari's secret.
4) Using the inferences gathered, we can infer that Ari used magic to change the wind and that Ari and Zayd did not like Elora's cheating.

• ### Pair inferences with evidence.

Hints

Can you put on sunscreen if you do not have any with you?

Is it easy to oversleep if you do not set an alarm?

When you shrug, are you paying close attention to something or are you distracted?

Solution
• From the text "Ari had just arrived at the beach when they realized they forgot their sunscreen" we can infer that Ari will not put on sunscreen.
• From the text "Ari looked up and shrugged" we can infer that Ari is not paying attention to how strong the sun is.
• From the text "The sun was hot and high in the sky which made them feel tired" we can infer that Ari will fall asleep.
• From the text "Ari reached for their phone to set a timer, then rolled over and settled their face comfortably on their arms on the beach towel instead" we can infer that Ari will sleep for a long time.
• ### Use evidence to make an inference.

Hints

Remember there was wind for Zayd and Ari, but not for Elora.

Elora is a wizard, so she does not need luck.

Solution

Using the evidence:

• The wind came out of nowhere
• Maybe Elora has bad intentions
• No wind during Elora's turn
We can infer that Elora used her magic on the wind.
Since there was wind for Zayd and Ari, but not for Elora, we can rule out that it was windy and Elora was lucky.

• ### Support inferences with evidence.

Hints

If Randy's uniform is getting dirty what does this mean about the field?

If you are unable to see, are you more likely to score a soccer goal or miss it?

Solution
• From the text, "his uniform was getting dirty" we can infer that the field is muddy.
• From the text, "he soon forgot all about it" and *"smiling, he jogged back out to the middle of the field" we can infer that Randy is enjoying the game.
• From the text, "he was blinded by a flash of light" we can infer that Randy can not see where he is aiming.
• Because Randy does not remember it is slippery and Randy can not see where he is aiming we can infer that Randy will slip and miss his penalty shot.