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Key Ideas: Details in a Text

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Key Ideas: Details in a Text
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.1.7

Basics on the topic Key Ideas: Details in a Text

Let's identify key ideas in a text with Otis and Pearl!

Transcript Key Ideas: Details in a Text

Otis! Look, LOOK over there! It says there's a space room. Are those real space suits!?" "The sign says, 'Before entering, enLIGHTEN yourself with some facts about the sun'." Let's find out more about the sun by learning about... Key Ideas: Details in a Text. The key idea, or main idea, is what the text is mostly about. Illustrations are pictures or drawings in a text that help us understand the key idea. When we read, we use the illustrations and the text TOGETHER to get more information about the key idea. For example, Pearl and Otis first see this illustration of the sun. Without reading the text, let's look at the picture and PREDICT or GUESS what the text is about. HERE we see the sun and a thermometer, which is used to measure the temperature or how hot or cold something is. Since it goes all the way to the top, we can guess the text will be about the sun and say that it's hot. Now, let's read the text. It says, 'The sun is very hot. It is about ten thousand degrees Fahrenheit.' The illustration told us the text was about the sun being hot... and the text gave us more details by telling us the temperature. Next, Otis and Pearl find more information about the sun. Before we look at the illustration, let's see what the text tells us. Then, we will PREDICT what the picture will be! It says, 'The sun is a star.' What do you think the illustration will show? (...) One guess or prediction could be that we will see the sun in outer space. Let's see if that's right! HERE we see the sun in outer space. What else do you see? (...) There are many other stars near the sun! The illustration gave us more details about the sun! Otis and Pearl have one last picture with some information about the sun next to it. Before we read this information, let's look at the illustration and PREDICT what the text will be about. What do you see? (...) We see the sun shining on a flower, and the flower looks happy. What do you think the text will be about? (...) One prediction could be that flowers like the sun since this one is smiling. Let's see if that's right! The text says, 'Flowers need the sun to grow.' The illustration showed us that flowers like the sun... and the text gave us more details by telling us that flowers NEED the sun to grow. Otis and Pearl are ready for the space room! While they put on their spacesuits, let's review. Remember... the key idea, or main idea, is what the text is mostly about. Illustrations are pictures or drawings in a text that help us understand the key idea. When we read, we use the illustrations and the text TOGETHER to get more information about the key idea.

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Key Ideas: Details in a Text exercise

Would you like to apply the knowledge you’ve learned? You can review and practice it with the tasks for the video Key Ideas: Details in a Text .
  • Understanding pictures and stories.

    Hints

    What are the special drawings that help us know more about the text?

    What do we call the most important thing in a text?

    Solution

    The correct answers are:

    Illustrations are pictures or drawings in a text that help us understand the key idea.

    The key idea, or main idea, is what the text is mostly about.

  • Using illustrations and details in a text.

    Hints

    What can we guess about the story by looking at the illustrations?

    Why is it good to use illustrations and details in a text together?

    Solution

    The correct answer is to provide more information and help understand the key idea.

    Illustrations and text help us understand what the story is mostly about. When we look at the illustrations and read the text together, we can learn more about the key idea.

  • Using pictures to make predictions.

    Hints

    What is the frog holding in his hands?

    What might the stars represent?

    Think about how the frog is dressed. Can you think of anyone else who might dress like this?

    Solution

    The correct answer is: The frog is performing a magic trick.

    We can make this prediction based on the frog's costume, the magic hat in his hand, and the stars that suggest something exciting is happening.

  • Read the text to select the best illustration.

    Hints

    What type of animals are Sammy and Bella?

    What did Sammy and Bella share?

    Did Sammy and Bella play basketball?

    Solution

    This is the correct image.

    You can come to this conclusion by identifying the following details from the text:

    In a forest, a squirrel named Sammy loved to explore. One day, Sammy found a shiny acorn by a tall tree. He hopped up and down! Then, he saw his friend, a friendly bird named Bella. They chatted about their day and shared some acorns. Sammy and Bella had a fantastic time together.

  • Predicting from pictures.

    Hints

    Is the thermometer high or low? What might that mean?

    Think about things that are hot. What could the text be about based on this picture?

    Solution

    The correct answer is: The text will be about the sun.

    We can guess from the picture that the text will be about the sun because the thermometer goes all the way to the top, suggesting it's hot.

  • Finding the key idea in a story.

    Hints

    Look at the picture. What does it tell us about Ellie the dog?

    Pay attention to what Ellie does and how she behaves.

    Focus on words that show how Ellie interacts with others or how she responds to certain situations.

    Look for phrases that describe Ellie's character.

    There is only one key idea.

    Solution

    • The correct key idea is: Ellie is a caring and cheerful companion.
    This answer is determined by identifying the details in bold.

    Ellie is a loyal dog with soft, golden fur and a heart full of excitement. Whether chasing a bouncing ball or going for long walks, Ellie's tail wags non-stop. Sometimes Ellie enjoys napping in the sun. Her favorite trick is giving big, wet kisses whenever someone's feeling down.