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Decoding: Stretch Out the Word

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Decoding: Stretch Out the Word
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.3.A

Basics on the topic Decoding: Stretch Out the Word

Content

In This Stretch the Word Out Video

While hiking, Dee and Kala find an injured baby bird who can't fly. They decide to bring it to the doctor’s office and start reading some magazines in the waiting room. But, they are having trouble reading some of the words. In this video, Dee and Kala learn about the reading strategy stretch through the word.

What Does it Mean to Tell a Child to Stretch Out the Letters in a Word?

Sometimes during reading, children come to words they do not know, which is okay! There are lots of ways to help them figure it out like using a reading strategy or decoding. There are a lot of ways to decode words children do not know. One of those ways is to use letter sounds to help read difficult words. Stretching out the letters in the word by slowing down and pulling their sounds apart, may help a child figure out how to say the unknown.

What Does it Mean to Stretch Out a Word?

When you stretch out a word, you are pulling apart, or sounding out, the letter sounds in the word to help hear what it might be. Sometimes using smaller pieces makes it easier to read a larger word.

How Do You Stretch the Sound of a Word?

Let’s try it with an example by stretching words in sentences. Look at the picture below.

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First, slow down and sound out each letter you see in the word: /j/ /u/ /m/ /p/. Then, try to say the sounds again a little faster: /j/ /u/ /m/ /p/.

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Now, blend the sounds to say the word: jump!

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Finally, reread the whole sentence to see if it makes sense. The cat can jump. It does makes sense!

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Summary of Steps: Stretching Words to Read

  • First, slow down and say the letter sounds you see.

  • Then, try to put the sounds together a little faster.

  • Next, blend the sounds to say the word.

  • Finally, reread the whole sentence to see if it makes sense.

Practice

Have you practiced yet? On this website, you will find stretch out the word worksheets and further exercises.

Transcript Decoding: Stretch Out the Word

While on their hike, Dee and Kala found a baby bird who couldn't fly! So, they decided to bring her to the doctor to make sure she's ok. But, while in the waiting room reading magazines, they come across some words they don't know! Let's help Dee and Kala by learning about, "Decoding: Stretch Out the Word." Sometimes during reading, we come to words we do not know. This is okay! There are lots of ways to figure it out. When we use a strategy, or plan, to read out a word, it's called decoding. There are a lot of ways to decode, or figure out, words we don't know, but in this video we're going to use letter sounds to help read difficult words. When we slow down and pull letter sounds apart, we can figure out how to say the word we don't know. Let's try it! The cat can hmmm, what's the last word? When you come to a difficult word, first, slow down and sound out each letter you see. /j/ /u/ /m/ /p/. Then, try to say the sounds again a little faster /j/ /u/ /m/ /p/. Now, blend the sounds to say the word: jump! Finally, reread the whole sentence to see if it makes sense. The cat can jump. It does makes sense! Let's try it again with the word Dee is stuck on. The sat on the pad, hmmm, what's that word? Slow down and sound out each letter you see. /f/ /r/ /o/ /g/ Then, say the sounds a little faster: /f/ /r/ /o/ /g/ Now, blend the sounds to say the word: frog! Finally, reread the whole sentence to see if it makes sense: The frog sat on the pad. It works! Can you help Kala now? The is in the den. Hmm, Kala doesn't know THIS word. Sound out each letter you see /s/ /k/ /u/ /n/ /k/. Try it a little faster: /s/ /k/ /u/ /n/ /k/. And, say the word: skunk! The skunk is in the den, it makes sense! While Dee and Kala wait to hear if the baby bird is ok, let's remember. Today we learned how to stretch out letter sounds in words we don't know! When we slow down and pull letter sounds apart, we can figure out how to say the difficult word. First, slow down and say the letter sounds you see. Then, try to put the sounds together a little faster. Next, blend the sounds to say the word. Finally, reread the whole sentence to see if it makes sense. [walking out of the doctor's office] "Well, wouldn't ya know! She'll never be able to fly!" "But not because she's hurt...because she's a baby penguin!"