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Compare and Contrast Fiction and Nonfiction Stories

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Compare and Contrast Fiction and Nonfiction Stories
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.1.5

Basics on the topic Compare and Contrast Fiction and Nonfiction Stories

How can you compare and contrast fiction and nonfiction stories? Remember fiction stories are made up while nonfiction stories are real and not made up. When we compare, we look at the similarities of two or more things, while when we contrast we look at the differences of two or more things.

To compare and contrast fiction and nonfiction stories; * Start by identifying or finding the similarities of the events in each story * Then, identify or find the differences of the events in each story * Next, identify or find the similarities of the characters in each story * Finally, identify or find the differences of the characters in each story

Transcript Compare and Contrast Fiction and Nonfiction Stories

Do you hear that? It's the sound of fire crackling! Ari and Zayd are having their annual summer campout and are telling stories by the fire. We can compare and contrast fiction and nonfiction stories while we listen to our friends. You might know that fiction stories are made up and often include imaginary characters. While nonfiction stories are about real people and life events. When we compare, we look at the similarities of two or more things, but when we contrast, we look at the differences between two or more things. Did you know you can compare and contrast fiction stories with nonfiction stories? We can do this by looking at the characters and events in the stories. Let's hear Ari's story to start. "There once was a ladybug named Boo who dreamed of flying, but just couldn't." "She thought she must be a bad ladybug, since all of her friends were able to fly." "Until one day, a friend told her, 'you must believe in yourself, then you will be able to fly!'" "Boo told herself, 'You can do this!' and knew that even if she didn't fly, she was still a good ladybug." "She jumped off of the tree and flapped her wings as hard as she could, and suddenly she was flying!" "The end!" Next we'll hear Zayd's story to compare it with Ari's. "That makes me think about the facts I know about ladybugs!" "Even though it's in their name, ladybugs actually aren't bugs at all!” "They're part of the beetle family, which makes them beetles!" "Ladybugs have SIX legs and can live through winter." "Some fly up to thirty-seven miles per hour! "And, there are up to four hundred different types that live in North America." "The end!" We can compare and contrast Ari and Zayd's stories using the characters and events. Let's look at the characters first. What was similar, or the same, about the topic of Zayd and Ari's stories? Both stories were about ladybugs! What did you notice was different about the characters in the two stories?" Ari's story had a fictional character named Boo, while Zayd's story did not have any characters. Now, let's look at what happened in each story. Did you notice any similarities between what happened in our friends' stories? Both stories talk about ladybugs flying! What about differences? Ari's story was fictional about a ladybug who wanted to fly, while Zayd's story included nonfiction facts about ladybugs. While our friends finish their campout, let's review. Today we learned about comparing and contrasting fiction and nonfiction stories. We learned two different ways to compare and contrast, what the story is about, and, what happens in it! "What was your favorite fact, Ari?" "They must be dreaming about ladybugs!"

Compare and Contrast Fiction and Nonfiction Stories exercise

Would you like to apply the knowledge you’ve learned? You can review and practice it with the tasks for the video Compare and Contrast Fiction and Nonfiction Stories.
  • Can you help Zayd remember what nonfiction texts are?

    Hints

    Do the characters in a nonfiction story exist in real life or are they imaginary?

    Are the events in the story something that could really happen, or are they made up?

    In nonfiction stories, we learn about true things. For example, a book that shares information about historical events is likely to be nonfiction.

    Solution

    The correct answer is: The events in a nonfiction story are based on real people and life events.

  • What was similar about the topic of both texts?

    Hints

    What do Zayd and Ari's stories have in common?

    A Venn diagram helps us see what's the same or different in two groups.

    Solution

    The correct answer is that both stories were about ladybugs.

  • Determine what is similar and different about the texts.

    Hints

    Are there any sentences that mention ladybugs as the common topic in both Ari and Zayd's stories?

    There are four differences.

    Solution

    Similarities:

    Both had ladybugs who wanted to fly.

    Differences:

    Ari's had a character named Boo.

    Zayd's did not have any characters.

    Ari's had a ladybug who liked to dream.

    Zayd's included facts about ladybugs.

  • Identify the similarities.

    Hints

    What type of animal is in both stories?

    Does the character in each story have a name?

    When we talk about similarities, we're thinking about things that are alike or have something in common, just like friends who both love reading books.

    Solution

    The similarities are:

    Fiction

    • sunny day
    • dog
    • furry friends
    Nonfiction
    • puppy
    • warm summer light
    • making friends
    ${}$

    The differences are:

    Fiction

    • He discovered a hidden treasure under a rainbow-colored bush.
    Nonfiction
    • favorite game was fetch

  • Help Ari determine the difference between comparing and contrasting.

    Hints

    What word means things that are not the same or unique?

    What word means things that are the same?

    Solution

    The correct answers are:

    When we compare, we look at the similarities of two or more things.

    When we contrast, we look at the differences between two or more things.

  • Determine the similarities and differences.

    Hints

    What is similar about main characters in both stories?

    There are two differences.

    Think of similarities as things that are alike, such as real facts in a story that match what we know, and differences as special details that make each story unique!

    Solution

    Similarities

    Dogs are the main characters.

    The dogs like having new friends.

    Differences

    Brinkley likes playing in the park.

    Brinkley has a magic tail.