**Video Transcript**

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Transcript
**What is a Variable?**

### Mathematically variables in equations

Scout master Blanco and two Junior Explorers are camping in the New Mexico desert. The two Junior Explorers, Jessica and Cello, must successfully survive a night in the desert alone in order to earn the most prestigious badge: The Blue Diamond Survival Patch. They’re accompanied by their trusty handbook, which will advise them on how to deal with the desert’s perilous **variables**.
As night falls, the Junior Explorers are left with their handbook, their courage and their wits. Mr. Blanco is planning the bonfire for the next night. He of course, references his survival handbook.

### First example

It says that, in order to make an awesome bonfire. The fire needs 5 pieces of wood to start, and each additional piece adds an hour of burning time. It also says that the number of pieces of wood for an ideal campfire is 11. How can we **express this mathematically**? To help Mr. Blanco build the ideal campfire, we can **substitute** other information we know into our **equation**. There's one piece of information missing, which we call a **variable**. But this would be annoying to write, so we can just use a letter for the variable, i.e. "x", but make sure to remember what it stands for. After deciding how much wood he’ll need for the next night’s bonfire, Mr. Blanco goes off into the night in search of wood.

### Second example - Steaks for coyoties

Now that the Explorers are all by their lonesome, the trepidation sets in. What's this? Is that a coyote? Cello's in luck? To help him in his quest for the Blue Diamond Survival Patch, Cello can use his handbook and the steaks his mom packed for the trip. Cello looks in his handbook and it says that coyotes need one steak to keep them occupied long enough so you can escape. The handbook suggests to **set up an equation** with the help of **variables**. The **total number** of steaks minus the number of coyotes you can distract **equals** the steaks available for the campers to eat. We know the total number of steaks, 15 the campers and Mr. Blanco only need 5 steaks. The total number of distracted coyotes is our final unknown, which we'll call 'c', for coyotes.
Now that we're down to our final variable, Cello can now **solve** his coyote **problem**.

### Third example - Rattlesnakes

Meanwhile, while preparing for bed, Jessica is interrupted by a familiar sound coming from outside her tent...it must be a rattlesnake...or two...or….MORE?! The only thing Jessica is sure about is that there are rattlesnakes outside her tent, and she brought 4 sacks for catching snakes. She quickly consults her Junior Explorer handbook and it tells her that the best way to deal with rattlesnakes is with a snake scoop and a burlap sack. She can put up to three snakes in a sack. How many snakes could Jessica bag with the sacks she’s brought? We take the total number of sacks Jessica brought, 4 and **multiply** by the number of snakes she can put in each sack, 3. Finally, we can name our **variable**, the number of snakes Jessica can catch, 'S'.

In the morning, and without incident, the two Junior Explorers meet at the center of the camp. When they notice a trail. How to make coyote noises? How to sound like a rattlesnake? The Junior Explorers follow the trail of items and it leads them to Mr. Blanco?!? That trickster! These Junior Explorers really deserve their Blue Diamond Survival Patches!